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The Sundarbans, Bangladesh and India

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)

Abstract

The Sundarbans, at the mouth of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers between India and Bangladesh, is the largest contiguous mangrove forest in the world. The forest is a mosaic of islands of different shapes and sizes, perennially washed by brackish water in and around endless labyrinths of water channels. The islands are of great environmental importance as a storm barrier, shore stabilizer, and nutrient and sediment trap and support a wide variety of aquatic, benthic, and terrestrial organisms. The ecosystem is an example of the ecological processes of monsoon rain flooding, delta formation, tidal influence, and plant colonization. The site supports great biodiversity in its terrestrial and marine habitats, ranging from micro to macro flora and fauna. The Sundarbans is also of important for globally endangered species. The mangrove habitat supports the largest population of tigers in the world which have adapted to an almost amphibious life.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

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