Coiba National Park and Its Special Zone of Marine Protection, Panama

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)


Coiba Island, in the Eastern Pacific, off the southeast coast of Panama, is on the edge of the Gulf of Panama and 23 km southwest of the mainland. It is the largest island of an archipelago of 9 smaller islands plus 28 islets. It is part of a system of oceanic islands of volcanic origin formed from subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Caribbean Plate, subsequently rising during tectonic movement at the end of the Tertiary. The site contains marine environments that have characteristics of both continental and oceanic influence. It maintains exceptionally high levels of endemism and provides a key ecological link to the Eastern Tropical Pacific for the transit and survival of pelagic fish and marine mammals. It is also the last refuge for a number of threatened animals.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

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