Advertisement

Coiba National Park and Its Special Zone of Marine Protection, Panama

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)

Abstract

Coiba Island, in the Eastern Pacific, off the southeast coast of Panama, is on the edge of the Gulf of Panama and 23 km southwest of the mainland. It is the largest island of an archipelago of 9 smaller islands plus 28 islets. It is part of a system of oceanic islands of volcanic origin formed from subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Caribbean Plate, subsequently rising during tectonic movement at the end of the Tertiary. The site contains marine environments that have characteristics of both continental and oceanic influence. It maintains exceptionally high levels of endemism and provides a key ecological link to the Eastern Tropical Pacific for the transit and survival of pelagic fish and marine mammals. It is also the last refuge for a number of threatened animals.

References

  1. Bauch T (2006) Carbonate-siliciclastic facies patterns related to the closure of the Central American seaway: a comparison between the Pliocene of Costa Rica and the present-day gulf of Panama and gulf of Chiriquí. PhD thesis, mathematics and Geosciencies faculty, Christians-Albrechts university, Kiel, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  2. Brenner LD, Linsley BK, Dunbar RB (2017) Examining the utility of coral Ba/Ca as a proxy for river discharge and hydroclimate variability in Coiba Island, Gulf of Chiriquí, Panama. Mar Pollut Bull 118:48–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Buchs DM, Arculus RJ, Baumgartner PO, Ulianov A (2011) Oceanic intraplate volcanoes exposed: example from seamounts accreted in Panama. Geology 39:335–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cardiel J, Castroviejo S, Velayos M (1997) Parque Nacional de Coiba: El medio físico. In: Castroviejo S (ed) Flora y fauna del Parque Nacional de Coiba (Panamá). Spanish Agency for International Cooperation Internacional, MadridGoogle Scholar
  5. Castroviejo S, Ibáñez A (2001) Origen y análisis de la diversidad biológica de la isla de Coiba. Quercus 188:29–32Google Scholar
  6. Cortés J (1997) Biology and geology of eastern Pacific coral reefs. 8th Symposium, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Republic of PanamaCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Guzman HM, Guevara CA, Breedy O (2004) Distribution, diversity, and conservation of coral communities in the largest marine protected area of the Pacific Panama (Coiba Island). Environ Conserv 31:111–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ibáñez A (2001) Estudio de la Composición Forística y Ecología del Bosque Tropical de la Isla de Coiba (Panamá). PhD dissertation, Department of Botany, University of Salamanca, SpainGoogle Scholar
  9. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature (2017) Coiba National Park and the zone of Marine Protection Conservation Outlook. http://www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/es/explore-sites/wdpaid/902479. Accessed 27 Dec 2017
  10. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (2005) World heritage nomination technical evaluation Coiba National Park (Panama), GlandGoogle Scholar
  11. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (2014) IUCN world heritage outlook 2014. Report, Gland, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  12. Meschede M, Barckhausen U (2001) The relationship of the Cocos and Carnegieridgs: age constraints from paleogeographic reconstruction. Int J Earth Sci 90:386–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. National Environmental Authority (2005) Proposal for the inscription of the Coiba National Park in the list of world heritage sites of UNESCO. Government of Panama, Panama CityGoogle Scholar
  14. Osipova E, Shadie P, Zwahlen C, Osti M, Shi Y, Kosmos C, Bertzky B, Murrai M, Van Merm R, Badman T (2017) IUCN World Heritage Outlook 2: a conservation assessment of all natural World Heritage sites. IUCN, GlandCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. UNEP/WCMC (United Nations Environmental Programme/World Conservation Monitoring Centre) (2012) Coiba National Park and its special zone of marine protection Panama. Report, Cambridge, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  16. UNESCO WHC (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization World Heritage Centre) (2017) Coiba National Park and its special zone of marine protection. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1138. Accessed 13 July 2017
  17. Werner R, Hoernle K, Barckhausen U, Hauff F (2003) Geodynamic evolution of the Galapagos hot spot system (Central East Pacific) over the past m.y.: constraints from morphology, geochemistry, and magnetic anomalies. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 4.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2003GC000576

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

Personalised recommendations