Advertisement

Islands and Protected Areas of Gulf of California, Mexico

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)

Abstract

Located in northwestern Mexico, the site comprises 244 islands, islets, and coastal areas. Almost all major oceanographic processes occurring in the major oceans are also present in the Gulf of California, giving it a great importance for study. The area also represents a natural laboratory for speciation – it contains 39% of the world’s total number of species of marine mammals and a third of the world’s marine cetacean species. Most of the islands and coastal areas are part of the Sonoran Desert, and there is a dramatic contrast between the rugged and inhospitable islands and coasts and the brilliant reflection of the turquoise waters. High rocky cliffs and sandy beaches in countless forms and colors rim the islands and coasts. The diversity of marine life associated with spectacular submarine terrain and unusual water transparency turn the site into a globally renowned diver’s area.

References

  1. Darin MH, Bennett SEK, Dorsey RJ, Oskin ME, Iriondo A (2016) Late Miocene extension in coastal Sonora, Mexico: implications for the evolution of dextral shear in the proto-Gulf of California oblique rift. Tectonophysics 693:378–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Duque-Trujillo J, Ferrari L, Orozco-Esquivel T, López-Martínez M, Lonsdale P, Bryan SE, Kluesner J, Piñero-Lajas D, Solari L (2015) Timing of rifting in the southern Gulf of California and its conjugate margins: insights from the plutonic record. Geol Soc Am 127:702–736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Elders WA, Rex RW, Meidav T, Robinson PT, Biehler S (1972) Crustal spreading in northern California. Science 176:4056Google Scholar
  4. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (2014) Islands and protected areas of Gulf of California conservation outlook. Report, Gland, SwiterzlandGoogle Scholar
  5. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (2017) Islands and protected areas of Gulf of California Conservation Outlook. http://www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/node/1137. Accessed 26 Dec 2017
  6. Ledesma-Vázquez J, Carreño A, Guardado-France R (2012) Biogenic coastal deposits: Isla del Carmo, Gulf of California, Mexico. Facies 58:169–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lizarralde D, Gary JA, Brown HE, Fletcher JM, Gonzalez-Fernandez A, Harding AJ, Holbrook WS, Kent GM, Paramo P, Sutherland F, Umhoefer PJW (2007) Variations in the style of rifting in the Gulf of California. Nature 448(7152):466–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mark C, Gupta S, Carter A, Mark DF, Gautheron C, Martin A (2014) Rift flank uplift at the Gulf of California: no requirement for astenospheric upwelling. Geology 42:259–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Nix RK (2010) The Gulf of California. University of Texas. Report, DallasGoogle Scholar
  10. Osipova E, Shadie P, Zwahlen C, Osti M, Shi Y, Kormos C, Bertzky B, Murai M, Van Merm R, Badman T (2017) IUCN world heritage outlook 2: a conservation assessment of all natural world heritage sites. IUCN, GlandCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Rosabel P (2005) World heritage nomination IUCN summary: islands and protected areas of the Gulf of California (Mexico). International Union for Conservation of Natura (IUCN). Report, Gland, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  12. UNEP/WCMC (United Nations Environmental Programme/World Conservation Monitoring Centre) (2009) Islands and protected areas of Gulf of California, Mexico. Report, Cambridge, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  13. UNESCO WHC (2017) Islands and protected areas of Gulf of California. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1182. Accessed 6 July 2017
  14. Wang Y, Forsyth D, Savage B (2009) Convective upwelling in the mantle beneath the Gulf of California. Nature 462(7272):499CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

Personalised recommendations