Advertisement

Shark Bay, Australia

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)

Abstract

Shark Bay is on the East Indian Ocean in Western Australia. It is composed of a marine segment and a coastal segment. In the marine segment, there are numerous islands, a bank of seagrass that forms the biggest beds of that type in the world, and a large population of sea cow. In the littoral, microbial activity creates living deposits of stromalitos, dome-shaped deposits that are among the oldest forms of life on Earth, contributing to a singular seascape in the intertidal area. The hydrologic structure of Shark Bay has produced a basin where marine waters are hypersaline and contributed to the presence of extensive beaches consisting entirely of shells. Shark Bay is also one of the few marine areas in the world dominated by carbonates not associated with reef-building corals.

References

  1. Benthuysen J, Feng M, Zhong L (2014) Spatial patterns of warming off Western Australia during the 2011 Ningaloo Niño: quantifying impacts of remote and local forcing. Cont Shelf Res 91:232–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bufarale G, Collins LB (2015) Stratigraphic architecture and evolution of a barrier seagrass bank in the mid-late Holocene, Shark Bay, Australia. Mar Geol 359:1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Department of Environment of Australia (2006) Shark Bay, Western Australia. https://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/pages/758ea283-6b9d-41bc-a29a-1276e1c7fced/files/shark-bay-factsheet.pdf. Accessed 23 June 2016
  4. Feng M, Hendon HH, Xie SP, Marshall AG, Schiller A, Kosaka Y, Caputi N, Pearce A (2015) Decadal increase in Ningaloo Niño since the late 1990s. Geophys Res Lett 42(1):104–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Government of Western Australia (2016) The geology of Shark Bay. http://www.dmp.wa.gov.au/Geological-Survey/The-geology-of-Shark-Bay-1539.aspx. Accessed 22 June 2016
  6. Hetzel Y, Pattiaratchi C, Lowe R (2013) Intermittent dense water outflows under variable tidal forcing in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Cont Shelf Res 66:36–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (2017) Shark Bay conservation outlook. http://www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/node/1050. Accessed 23 Dec 2017
  8. Jahnert RJ, Collins LB (2011) Significance of subtidal microbial deposits in Shark Bay, Australia. Mar Geol 286(1):106–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jahnert RJ, de Paula O, Collins LB, Strobach E, Pevzner R (2012) Evolution of a coquina barrier in Shark Bay, Australia by GPR imaging: architecture of a Holocene reservoir analog. Sediment Geol 281:59–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Osipova E, Shadie P, Zwahlen C, Osti M, Shi Y, Kormos C, Bertzky B, Murai M, Van Merm R, Badman T (2017) IUCN world heritage outlook 2: a conservation assessment of all natural world heritage sites. IUCN, GlandCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Playford PE, Cockbain AE, Berry PF, Roberts AP, Haines HW, Brooke BP (2013) The geology of Shark Bay. Geol Surv W Aust Bull 146:1–146Google Scholar
  12. Tozuka T, Kataoka T, Yamagata T (2014) Locally and remotely forced atmospheric circulation anomalies of Ningaloo Niño/Niña. Clim Dyn 43:2197–2244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. UNEP/WCMC (United Nations Environmental Programme/World Conservation Monitoring Centre) (2008) Shark Bay Western Australia. Report, Cambridge, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  14. UNESCO WHC (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) (2016) Shark Bay, Western Australia. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/578. Accessed 23 June 2016

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

Personalised recommendations