Advertisement

Lord Howe Island Group, Australia

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)

Abstract

Lord Howe Island Group is in the South Pacific, 800 km from Sidney. The islands are a remarkable example of an isolated oceanic island born of volcanic activity and demonstrating the nearly complete stage in the destruction of a shield volcano. They have a grand topographic relief, with spectacular and scenic landscapes within a small area, characterized by the presence of sheer mountain slopes rising abruptly from the ocean and a broad arc of hills enclosing a lagoon, where the world’s most southerly true coral reef exists. The islands support extensive colonies of nesting seabirds, and iconic species include endemics such as the world’s largest stick insect. Many species are at their ecological limits, and unique assemblages of temperate and tropical forms cohabit.

References

  1. Brooke BP, Woodroffe CD, Murray-Wallace CV, Heijnis HJ, Jones BG (2003) Quaternary calcarenite stratigraphy on Lord Howe Island, southwestern Pacific Ocean and the record of coastal carbonate deposition. Quat Sci Rev 22:859–880CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brown D, Baker L (2009) The Lord Howe Island biodiversity management plan: an integrated approach to recovery planning. Ecol Manage Restor 10:570–578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cassis G, Meades L, Harris R (2003) Lord Howe Island terrestrial invertebrate biodiversity and conservation. Australian Museum, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  4. Davey A (1986) Plan of management: Lord Howe Island Permanent Park preserve. New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  5. Dickson ME (2002) The development of rock coast morphology on Lord Howe Island, Australia. PhD thesis: School of Geosciences. University of Wollongong, WollongongGoogle Scholar
  6. Dickson ME, Kennedy DM, Woodroffe CD (2004) The influence of rock resistance on coastal geomorphology around Lord Howe Island, Southwest Pacific. Earth Surf Process Landf 29:629–643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Environment of Australia (2017) Australian Heritage Database. http://www.environment.gov.au/. Accessed 16 May 2017
  8. Graham EJ, Davey D, Kelly G, Mawbey RB, Parsons K (2010) Biogeographical and ecological context for managing threats to coral and rocky reef communities in the Lord Howe Island Marine Park, Southwestern Pacific. Aquat Conserv Mar Freshwat Ecosyst 20:378–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hunter J (2002) Vegetation and habitat of significance within the settlement area of Lord Howe Island. South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, Coffs HarbourGoogle Scholar
  10. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (2017) Lord Howe Island Group Conservation Outlook. http://www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/node/990. Accessed 23 Dec 2017
  11. Mcallan IAW, Curtis B, Hutton I, Cooper HM (2004) The birds of Lord Howe Island Group: a review of records. Aust Field Ornithol 21(supplement):1–84Google Scholar
  12. McDougall I, Embleton BJJ, Stone DB (1981) Origin and evolution of Lord Howe Island, Southwest Pacific Ocean. J Geol Soc Aust 28:155–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Osipova E, Shadie P, Zwahlen C, Osti M, Shi Y, Kormos C, Bertzky B, Murai M, Van Merm R, Badman T (2017) IUCN world heritage outlook 2: a conservation assessment of all natural world heritage sites. IUCN, GlandCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pickard J (1983) Vegetation of Lord Howe Island. Cunninghamia 1:133–266Google Scholar
  15. Reis A (2013) Pronounced particularity: a comparison of governance structures on Lord Howe Island and Fernando de Noronha. Island Stud J 8:285–298Google Scholar
  16. UNEP/WCMC (United Nations Environment Programme/World Conservation Monitoring Centre) (2008) Lord Howe Island group, new South Wales, Australia. Report, Cambridge, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  17. UNESCO WHC (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization World Heritage Centre) (2017). Lord Howe Island Group. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/186. Accessed 17 May 2017

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

Personalised recommendations