Saint Kilda, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)


Saint Kilda is a tiny archipelago that lies off the west coast of mainland Scotland, in the North Atlantic Ocean. Formed from an ancient volcano associated with the opening of the North Atlantic in the Early Tertiary, it has jagged landscape with towering seacliffs, the highest on Europe. The combination of oceanic influences and local geology has created a marine environment of unparalleled richness. With nearly one million seabirds present at the breeding season, Saint Kilda supports the largest seabird colony in the northeast Atlantic. Overlaying the spectacular natural landscape, there is a rich cultural landscape that bears testimony to millennia of human occupation in extreme conditions. Age-old traditions and land uses shaped the landscape, in such a way that the site is also a cultural World Heritage site.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

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