Advertisement

Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino, Mexico

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)

Abstract

Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino is located in Baja California, Mexico, facing the Pacific Ocean. It is a site formed by two coastal lagoons and a complex mosaic of wetlands, marshes, halophytes, mangroves, dunes, and desert habitats. The lagoons are the world’s most important place for the reproduction of the once endangered North Pacific gray whale. The lagoons are home to numerous other marine mammals. Four marine turtle species live in the shallow waters which are also habitat for a large number of fish, crustaceans, and migratory bird species. The sanctuary conserves both marine and terrestrial ecosystems and their interface. The surrounding desert displays highly diverse flora and fauna.

References

  1. Aguero JC (2000) Origen y distribución de la ictiofauna de la Laguna de San Ignacio, Baja California Sur, México. Ciencia Ergo Sum 7(2):157–163Google Scholar
  2. Almendarez-Hernández MA, Jaramillo-Mosqueira LA, Avilés-Polanco G, Beltrán-Morales LF, Hernández-Trejo V, Ortega-Rubio A (2013) Economic valuation of water in a natural protected area of an emerging economy: recommendations for el Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve, Mexico. Interciencia 38(4):245–252Google Scholar
  3. Carmona R, Danemann G (1998) Distribución espaciotemporal de aves en la salina de Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur, México. Cienc Mar 24(4):389–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (1990) World heritage nomination – summary. Report, Gland, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  5. IUCN (International Unior for Conservation of Nature) (2017) Whale sanctuary of El Vizcaino conservation outlook. http://www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/explore-sites/wdpaid/68918. Accessed 18 Dec 2017
  6. Ortega R, Carciumaru D, Quintanar L, Rubio R (2015) Estimación del peligro sísmico en el centro de Baja California: Un modelo consistente entre las regiones del Golfo de California y la Peninsular. Bol Soc Geol Mex 67(1):87–102Google Scholar
  7. Osipova E, Shadie P, Zwahlen C, Osti M, Shi Y, Kormos C, Bertzky B, Murai M, Van Merm R, Badman T (2017) IUCN world heritage outlook 2: a conservation assessment of all natural world heritage sites. IUCN, GlandCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. SEDUE (1989) Propuesta del Programa de Manejo de la Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino. Secretaria de Desarrollo Urbano y Ecologia, La Paz, MexicoGoogle Scholar
  9. Time and Date (2017) Annual weather averages near Mexicali. https://www.timeanddate.com/weather/mexico/mexicali/climate. Accessed 18 Dec 2017
  10. UNEP/WCMC (United Nations Environmental Programme/World Conservation Monitoring Centre) (2008) Whale sanctuary of El Vizcaino Mexico. Report, Cambridge, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  11. UNESCO WHC (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization World Heritage Centre) (2016) Whale sanctuary of El Viszcaino. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/554. Accessed 31 May 2016

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

Personalised recommendations