Advertisement

Stevns Klint, Denmark

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)

Abstract

Stevns Klint is an exceptional testimony to the impact of meteorite in Earth. The site provides evidence of the Chicxulub meteorite impact that took place at the end of the Cretaceous Period and caused the end of the Age of the Dinosaurs. Comparative analysis indicates this is the most significant and readily accessible site to see the sedimentary record of the ash cloud formed by the meteorite impact, the actual site of the impact being deep underwater offshore the Yucatan Peninsula. The site is very significant in terms of its past, present, and future contribution to science, especially pertaining to the definition of and explanation of the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K/T) boundary. The outstanding fossil record at Stevns Klint provides a succession of three biotic assemblages including the most diverse end-Cretaceous marine ecosystem known.

References

  1. Alvarez LW, Alvarez W, Asaro F, Michel HV (1980) Extraterrestrial cause for the Cretaceous–Palaeogene extinction. Science 208:1095–1108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Conpenhagen Portal. http://copenhagenet.dk/. Accessed 28 Mar 2016
  3. Damholt F, Surlyk F (2012) Nomination of Stevns Klint for inclusion in the world heritage list. Østsjællands Museum, St. HeddingeGoogle Scholar
  4. Hart MB, Fitzpatrick MEJ, Smart CW (2016) The Cretaceous/Paleocene boundary: foraminifera, sea grasses, sea level change and sequence stratigraphy. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 441:420–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (2017) Stevns Klint conservation outlook. http://www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/explore-sites/wdpaid/555577556. Accessed 17 Dec 2017
  6. Korchagin O, Tsel’movich V (2011) Cosmic particles (micrometeorites) and nanospheres from the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K/T) boundary clay layer at the Stevns Klint Section, Denmark. Dokl Earth Sci 437(2):449–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lykke-Andersen H, Surlyk F (2004) The Cretaceous–Palaeogene boundary at Stevns Klint, Denmark: inversion tectonics or sea-floor topography? J Geol Soc 161:343–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Miami University (2015) Geo 121 Wiki Spring 2015. https://sites.google.com/a/miamioh.edu/geo-121-wiki-spring-2015/home/europe-stevns-klint-team6. Accessed 28 Mar 2016
  9. Osipova E, Shadie P, Zwahlen C, Osti M, Shi Y, Kormos C, Bertzky B, Murai M, Van Merm R, Badman T (2017) IUCN world heritage outlook 2: a conservation assessment of all natural world heritage sites. IUCN, GlandGoogle Scholar
  10. Schack SA, Damholt T (2012) Cliff collapse at Stevns Klint, Southeast Denmark. Geol Surv Den Greenl Bull 26:33–36Google Scholar
  11. Surlyk F, Damholt T, Bjerager M (2006) Stevns Klint, Denmark: uppermost Maastrichtian chalk, cretaceous-tertiary boundary, and lower Danian bryozoan mound complex. Bull Geol Soc Den 54:1–48Google Scholar
  12. UNESCO WHC (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization World Heritage Centre) (2016) Stevns Klint. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1416. Accessed 28 Mar 2016

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

Personalised recommendations