Loaded Electrospun Nanofibers: Chemical and Biological Defense

  • A. VaseashtaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology book series (NAPSA)


In a complex, asymmetric and kinetic warfare environment, it is critical to deploy the latest technological innovations for tactical leverage over adversaries. Among others, improvements in outerwear of soldiers’ uniform provides significant tactical advantage. We have studied use of loaded nanofibers, which demonstrate capabilities such as light weight, mechanically resilient, and breathable, i.e. allow perspiration to evaporate. In addition, the fibres are capable of sensing the chemical/biological environment. The nanofibers can be fabricated to include communication capabilities for enhanced situational awareness for emergency responders arising from chemical/biological environments. Due to the bioactive nature of the additive materials, the resulting textile can deliver therapeutics on-site and on-demand, thus providing temporary relief from injury. This investigation outlines an ongoing research on fabrication using loading of electrospun nanofibers, characteristics and bioactivities of selected nanomaterials to produce outerwear for soldiers for providing protection from adverse chemical and biological environment. We further discuss future pathways to integrate additional capabilities to provide tactical superiority in combat theatre.


Electrospinning Nanofibers Filtration Chem.-bio agents Sensors 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Clean Water InstituteHerndonUSA
  2. 2.NJCU – State University of New JerseyJersey CityUSA
  3. 3.Ghitu Institute of Electronic Engineering and Nanotechnology, Academy of Sciences of MoldovaChisinauMoldova

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