Finite Element Formulation and Analyses

  • Hornsen (HS) TzouEmail author
Part of the Solid Mechanics and Its Applications book series (SMIA, volume 247)


Conventional elastic structures are “passive” in nature, i.e., they do not possess any inherent self-sensation and action/reaction capabilities. Thus, development of new-generation active structures with integrated sensors, actuators, and control electronics, i.e., so called the structronic system, has received an increasing attention and interest in recent years (Tzou & Anderson, 1992). This chapter presents a finite element development and analysis of integrated distributed piezoelectric sensor/actuator structures—active distributed parameter systems (DPS’s) or structronic systems.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures; Interdisciplinary Research Institute, College of Aerospace EngineeringNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina

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