Compressive Strength Improvements of Cement-Based Composites Achieved with Additional Milling of Metakaolin

  • Biljana IlićEmail author
  • Aleksandra Mitrović
  • Vlastimir Radonjanin
  • Mirjana Malešev
  • Miodrag Zdujić
Conference paper
Part of the RILEM Bookseries book series (RILEM, volume 16)


Kaolin from a Serbian deposit, having a high content of mica and quartz, disordered kaolinite and a high specific surface area, was used to prepare metakaolin (MK). The calcination at temperatures of 700 °C or 750 °C for 30 to 180 min resulted in MK having high pozzolanic activity, but also significant aglomeration of particles. In order to disperse aglomerates, MK was milled, which resulted in increased pozzolanic activity and reduced particle size. The effects of MK and additionally milled metakaolin (MKmill) on the composite strengths and microstructure of the pastes were compared. We prepared and investigated composites in which ordinary Portland cement (OPC) was replaced with 10% to 50% of MK or MKmill, as well as the representative samples of paste for determination of microstructure.

Compressive strengths higher than the control were obtained for composites having up to 30% of MK and up to 40% of MKmill, respectively. Increase of composite strengths with MKmill was more pronounced at lower cement replacement levels (10% and 20%).

Compressive strength of composites containing agglomerated MK were satisfactory, which suggests that milling of MK, as well as purification of kaolin, may not be necessary.


Calcination Metakaolin Milling Cement-based composites 



The work reported in this paper is a part of the investigation within the research projects TR 36017 and 45001 supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia. This support is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© RILEM 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Biljana Ilić
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aleksandra Mitrović
    • 1
  • Vlastimir Radonjanin
    • 2
  • Mirjana Malešev
    • 2
  • Miodrag Zdujić
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Testing of MaterialsBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Technical SciencesUniversity of Novi SadNovi SadSerbia
  3. 3.Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and ArtsBelgradeSerbia

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