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Taurine 10 pp 183-192 | Cite as

Taurine Ameliorates Arsenic-Induced Apoptosis in the Hippocampus of Mice Through Intrinsic Pathway

  • Shuangyue Li
  • Lijun Yang
  • Yan Zhang
  • Cong Zhang
  • Jing Shao
  • Xiaohui Liu
  • Yachen Li
  • Fengyuan PiaoEmail author
Conference paper
  • 2.5k Downloads
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 975)

Abstract

Our group previously reported that arsenic (As) exposure induced apoptosis in hippocampus neurons. The aim of the present study was to clarify the protective capacity of taurine (Tau) on As-induced neuronal apoptosis and the related mechanism in mouse hippocampus. Mice were divided into: control group, Tau control group, As exposure group and Tau protective group, randomly. The apoptotic rate of mouse hippocampus was determined by TUNEL staining. The levels of Bcl-2 and Bax gene and protein were analyzed by real time RT-PCR and WB, respectively. Furthermore, cytochrome c (Cyt C) release, and the activity of caspase-8 and caspase-3 were also determined. The results showed that Tau treatment induced the decrease of TUNEL-positive cells, prohibited the disturbance of Bcl-2 and Bax expression, and inhibited Cyt C release and caspase-8 and caspase-3 activation significantly. The results indicated that Tau supplement markedly ameliorates As-induced apoptosis by mitochondria-related pathway in mouse hippocampus.

Keywords

Arsenic Taurine Apoptosis Hippocampus Intrinsic pathway 

Abbreviations

As

Arsenic

Cyt C

Cytochrome c

Tau

Taurine

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant numbers 81273038 and 81102160) and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation Funded Project (No. 2015 M581338).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuangyue Li
    • 1
  • Lijun Yang
    • 2
  • Yan Zhang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Cong Zhang
    • 1
  • Jing Shao
    • 1
  • Xiaohui Liu
    • 1
  • Yachen Li
    • 1
  • Fengyuan Piao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Occupational and Environmental HealthDalian Medical UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.Dalian Center for Disease Control and PreventionDalianChina
  3. 3.Xunyi Center for Disease Control and PreventionXunyiChina

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