Preliminary Study of Digital Technology on Orthopedics
Anatomical and experimental studies of flaps have made a great leap forward, especially when the angiosome concept was introduced in 1987 by Taylor and Palmer, whereby the body was considered to be composed anatomically of multiple three-dimensional (3D) composite blocks of tissue supplied by particular source arteries. Since then, detailed studies of the forearm, leg, head, and neck have been carried out by Taylor and coworkers. The application of various flaps has resolved numerous problems in microsurgery. The traditional clinical training on flap anatomy, however, is conducted by means of textbooks, two-dimensional pictures, or cadavers. The rapid development of computer-based digitalization has made it possible to demonstrate flap anatomy in 3D, all-perspective, visualized, and vividly dynamic images, which will greatly enhance the understanding of the complex relationships between vessels, nerves, muscles, skin, and bones. It is expected that these possible images can be used in clinical anatomic training.