The Application of Reverse Engineering Technology in Orthopaedics
Reverse Engineering in the Design of Customized Prosthesis
For patients with bone defects, the traditional repair methods are bone graft and implant general prosthesis. Nevertheless, the bone graft is poorly moulded, cannot correct the deformity and is prone to complications. Without bone shape, general prosthesis needs processing adjustment according to the demands of the patient during the operation, which is dependent on the surgeon’s experience, and the adjustment mostly doesn’t match with the autologous bone of the patient, which not only affects the appearance but also causes the decreases of bearing capacity, inaccurate positioning and unstable connection. All these problems easily cause the failure of the bone defect repairing and serious impact on physical and psychological rehabilitation of patients after operation. A fundamental way to solve the problem is to design a tailored customized prosthesis for patient. With the development of medical image processing technology, it...
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