Advertisement

The Lagomorphs (Ochotonidae, Leporidae) of Yushe Basin

  • Wen-Yu Wu
  • Lawrence J. Flynn
Chapter
Part of the Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology book series (VERT)

Abstract

Of historical collections of small mammals recovered from the Yushe Basin, fossil lagomorphs comprise a significant proportion because they are relatively large fossils and dentaries with teeth occur on the surfaces of exposures. Key fossils recovered prior to 1940 from various parts of North China, including the Yushe Basin, formed the basis for early systematic studies of both ochotonids and leporids. Several Yushe Basin specimens were important in that early phase of research, and continue to be important in current revisions of Lagomorpha. This systematic treatment of the Yushe Lagomorpha embraces collections made by modern teams and classical collections of the Tianjin Natural History Museum, the American Museum of Natural History, and the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology. For Yushe our study recognizes an array of Ochotona (pikas) and species of the larger genus Ochotonoides . Leporids are diverse for the late Neogene deposits of Yushe Basin, and included the genera Alilepus, Hypolagus, Trischizolagus , and Sericolagus ; overlying Pleistocene loess yielded Lepus as well. These findings, including four new species, are important for lagomorph systematics, but also for the chronology of lagomorph evolution, because the Yushe sequence improves understanding of the relative ages of isolated Late Neogene deposits in China, and more broadly across Asia.

Keywords

Yushe Basin North China Late Neogene Lagomorpha Leporidae Ochotonidae 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Our reviewers Alisa Winkler, Zhao-Qun Zhang and Yukimitsu Tomida devoted much effort to helping us to improve the manuscript and we thank them for their time. We also thank Miss Si H.-W. for helping us to produce the final illustrations.

References

  1. Angelone, C., & Rook, L. (2011). Alilepus meini nov. sp. (Leporidae, Lagomorpha) from the early Messinian of Tuscany (central-western Italy). Géobios, 44, 151–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Averianov, A. O. (1996). On the systematic position of rabbit “Caprolagusbrachypus Young, 1927 (Lagomorpha, Leporidae) from the Villafranchian of China. Russian Academy of Sciences Proceedings of the Zoological Institute St. Petersburg, 270, 148–156 (in Russian with English summary).Google Scholar
  3. Averianov, A. O., & Tesakov, A. S. (1997). Evolutionary trends in Mio-Pliocene Leporinae, based on Trischizolagus (Mammalia, Lagomorpha). Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 71(1/2), 145–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bohlin, B. (1942). A review of the fossil Lagomorpha in the Paleontological Museum, Upsala. Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University Upsala, 30(6), 117–154.Google Scholar
  5. Boule, M., & Teilhard de Chardin, P. (1928). Paléontologie. In M. Boule, H. Breuil, E. Licent, & P. Teilhard (Eds.), Le Paléolithique de la Chine (pp. 27–102). Paris: Archives de l’Institut de Paléontologie Humaine Mémoire 4.Google Scholar
  6. Cai, B.-Q. (1989). Fossil lagomorphs from the Late Pliocene of Yangyuan and Yuxian, Hebei. Vertebata PalAsiatica, 27, 170–181 [in Chinese with English summary].Google Scholar
  7. Čermák, S., & Wagner, J. (2013). The Pliocene record of Trischizolagus and Pliopentalagus (Leporidae, Lagomorpha, Mammalia) in Central Europe, with comments on taxonomy and evolutionary history of Leporinae. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 268, 97–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cheng, J., Tian, M.-Z., Cao, B.-X., & Li, L.-Y. (1996). The new mammalian fossils from Zhoukoudian (Choukoutien), Beijing, and their environmental explanation. Beijing: China University of Geosciences Press (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  9. Chow, M.-C., & Li, C.-K. (1965). Mammalian fossils in association with the mandible of Lantian Man at Chenchia-ou, in Lantian, Shensi. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 9, 377–394 (in Chinese with English summary).Google Scholar
  10. de Bruijn, H., Dawson, M. R., & Mein, P. (1970). Upper Pliocene Rodentia, Lagomorpha and Insectivora (Mammalia) from the Isle of Rhodes (Greece). Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, B73(5), 535–584.Google Scholar
  11. Erbajeva, M. A. (1988). Cenozoic pikas (taxonomy, systematics, phylogeny) (pp. 1–224). Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).Google Scholar
  12. Erbajeva, M. A. (1994). Phylogeny and evolution of Ochotonidae with emphasis on Asian ochotonids. In Y. Tomida, C.-K. Li, & T. Setoguchi (Eds.), Rodent and lagomorph families of Asian origins and diversification (pp. 1–13). Tokyo: National Science Museum Monographs 8.Google Scholar
  13. Erbajeva, M. A. (1996). Lagomorphs from a Villafranchian sequence in Transbaikalia and their paleoenvironmental implications. Acta zoologica cracoviensia, 39, 131–135.Google Scholar
  14. Erbajeva, M. A., Flynn, L. J., Li, C.-K., & Marcus, L. (2006). New Late Cenozoic ochotonids from China. Beiträge zur Paläontologie, 30, 133–141.Google Scholar
  15. Erbajeva, M. A., & Zheng, S.-H. (2005). New data on Late Miocene—Pleistocene ochotonids (Ochotonidae, Lagomorpha) from North China. Acta zoologica cracoviensia, 48A, 93–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fejfar, O., & Heinrich, W. D. (1987). Zur biostratigraphischen Gliederung des Jüngeren Känozoikums in Europa an Hand von Muriden und Cricetiden (Rodentia, Mammalia). Časopis pro Mineralogii a Geologii, 32, 1–15.Google Scholar
  17. Flynn, L. J. (2011). Microtine rodents in the Frick Collection from Yushe Basin, Shanxi Province. Palaeontologia Electronica, 14.3.33A, 9 p. http://www.palaeo-electronica.org/toc.htm.
  18. Flynn, L. J., & Bernor, R. L. (1987). Late Tertiary mammals from the Mongolian People’s Republic. American Museum Novitates, 2872, 1–16.Google Scholar
  19. Flynn, L. J., Winkler, A. J., Erbaeva, M., Alexeeva, N., Anders, U., Angelone, C., et al. (2014). The leporid datum: A late Miocene biotic marker. Mammal Review, 44, 164–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fostowicz-Frelik, L. (2003). Species distribution and differentiation of Eurasian Hypolagus (Lagomorpha, Leporidae). In J. W. F. Reumer & W. Wessels (Eds.), Distribution and migration of Tertiary mammals in Europe. A volume in honour of Hans de Bruijn. Deinsea 10, 197–216.Google Scholar
  21. Gureev, A. A. (1964). Fauna of USSR: Lagomorpha. 3(10), 1–276. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka (in Russian).Google Scholar
  22. Hu, C.-K., & Qi, T. (1978). Gongwangling Pleistocene mammalian fauna of Lantian, Shaanxi. Palaeontologia Sinica, New Series, C, 21, 1–64 (in Chinese with English summary).Google Scholar
  23. International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1999). International code of zoological nomenclature. London: The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature.Google Scholar
  24. Janvier, P., & Montenat, C. (1970). Le plus ancient Leporidae d’Europe occidentale, Hispanolagus crusafonti nov. gen. nov. sp. du Miocène supérieur de Muricia (Espagne). Bulletin Muséum Nationale d’Histoire Naturelle, Ser. 2, 42, 780–788.Google Scholar
  25. Ji, H.-X. (1976). The middle Pleistocene mammalian fossils of Laochihe, Lantian District, Shaanxi. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 14, 59–66 (in Chinese with English summary).Google Scholar
  26. Ji, H.-X., Xu, Q.-Q., & Huang, W.-B. (1980). The Hipparion fauna from Guizhong basin, Xizang. In Chinese Academy of Sciences (Eds.), The comprehensive scientific expedition to the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau: Paleontology of Xizang, Book 1 (pp. 18–32). Beijing: Science Press (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  27. Jin, C.-Z., & Xu, F. (2009). Lagomorpha. In C.-Z. Jin & J.-Y. Liu (Eds.), Paleolithic site—The Renzidong Cave, Fanchang, Anhui Province (pp. 162–166, 400–401). Beijing: Science Press.Google Scholar
  28. Kretzoi, M. (1959a). Insectivoren, Nagetiere und Lagomorphen der Jüngstpliozänen Fauna von Csarnóta im Villányer Gebirge (Südungarn). Vertebrata Hungarica, 1(2), 237–246.Google Scholar
  29. Kretzoi, M. (1959b). Fauna und Faunenhorizont von Csarnóta. A Magyar Állami Földtani Intézet Évi Jelentése az 1959, Budapest, 1962, 297–395.Google Scholar
  30. Lin, Y.-P., Pan, Y.-R., & Lu, Q.-W. (1978). Early Pleistocene mammal fauna of Yuanmou Basin, Yunnan. In Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Eds.), Treatise on Paleoanthropology (pp. 101–125). Beijing: Science Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  31. Liu, L.-P., & Zheng, S.-H. (1997). Note on the Late Cenozoic lagomorphs of Danjiang Reservoir Area in Hubei and Henan. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 35, 130–144 (in Chinese, with English summary).Google Scholar
  32. López-Martínez, N. (1977). Revision sistematica y biostratigraphica de los Lagomorpha (Mammalia) del Neogeno y Cuaternario de España. Doctoral thesis, Universidad Madrid.Google Scholar
  33. Melik-Adamyan, G. U. (1986). New data on the Pliocene terrestrial vertebrates of Armenian SSR. Doklady Akademii Nauk Armyanskoy SSR, 83, 135–139 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  34. Qiu, Z.-D. (1985). A new ochotonid from Nihewan Bed of Yuxian, Hebei. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 23, 276–286 (in Chinese with English summary).Google Scholar
  35. Qiu, Z.-D. (1987). The Neogene mammalia faunas of Ertemte and Harr-Obo in Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol), China. 6. Hares and Pikas – Lagomorpha: Leporidae and Ochotonidae. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 67, 375–399.Google Scholar
  36. Qiu, Z.-D., & Han, D.-F. (1986). Fossil Lagomorpha from the hominoid locality of Lufeng, Yunnan. Acta Anthropologica Sinica, 5, 41–53 (in Chinese with English summary).Google Scholar
  37. Qiu, Z.-D., & Li, Q. (2008). Late Miocene micromammals from the Qaidam Basin in the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 46, 284–306.Google Scholar
  38. Qiu, Z.-D., & Storch, G. (2000). The early Pliocene micromammalian fauna of Bilike, Inner Mongolia, China (Mammalia: Lipotyphla, Chiroptera, Rodentia, Lagomorpha). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 80, 173–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Qiu, Z.-X., Deng, T., & Wang, B.-Y. (2004). Early Pleistocene mammalian fauna from Longdan, Dongxiang, Gansu, China. Palaeontologia Sinica, New Series, C, 27, 1–198 (in Chinese with English summary).Google Scholar
  40. Radulesco, C., & Samson, P. (1967). Contributions à la connaissance du complèxe faunique de Malusteni-Beresti (Pléistocène inférieure), Roumanie. I. Ord. Lagomorpha, Fam. Leporidae. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, 9, 544–563.Google Scholar
  41. Schlosser, M. (1924). Tertiary vertebrates from Mongolia. Palaeontologia Sinica, C, 1, 1–132.Google Scholar
  42. Schreuder, A. (1937). Hypolagus from the Tegelen clay; with a note on recent Nesolagus. Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie, 2, 225–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sen, S. (1983). Rongeures et lagomorphes du gisement Pliocène de Pul-e Charkhi, bassin de Kabul, Afganistan. Bulletin Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris), C(5), 33–74.Google Scholar
  44. Sen, S. (1998). Pliocene vertebrate locality of Çalta, Ankara, Turkey. 4. Rodentia and Lagomorpha. Geodiversitas, 20, 359–378.Google Scholar
  45. Tedford, R. H., Flynn, L. J., Qiu, Z.-X., Opdyke, N. D., & Downs, W. R. (1991). Yushe Basin, China: Paleomagnetically calibrated mammalian biostratigraphic standard for the Late Neogene of eastern Asia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 11, 519–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Teilhard de Chardin, P. (1940). The fossils from Locality 18 near Peking. Palaeontologia Sinica, New Series, C, 9, 1–100.Google Scholar
  47. Teilhard de Chardin, P. (1942). New rodents of the Pliocene and lower Pleistocene of North China. Publications de l’Institut de Géobiologie, Pékin, 9, 1–101.Google Scholar
  48. Teilhard de Chardin, P., & Piveteau, J. (1930). Les Mammifères fossiles de Nihowan (Chine). Annales de Paléontologie, 19, 1–134.Google Scholar
  49. Teilhard de Chardin, P., & Young, C. C. (1931). Fossil mammals from the late Cenozoic of Northern China. Palaeontologia Sinica C, 9, 1–89.Google Scholar
  50. Tjutkova, L. A. (1992). Rodents and lagomorphs of the late Pliocene Kiikbay fauna (Southeastern Kazakhstan). Paleontological Journal, 26(4), 118–124.Google Scholar
  51. Tjutkova, L. A., & Kaipova, G. O. (1996). Late Pliocene and Eopleistocene micromammal faunas of southeastern Kazakhstan. Acta zoological cracoviensia, 39(1), 549–557.Google Scholar
  52. Tomida, Y., & Jin, C.-Z. (2005). Reconstruction of the generic assignment of “Pliopentalagus nihewanensis” from the Late Pliocene of Hebei, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 43, 297–303.Google Scholar
  53. Topachevskij, V. A., & Skorik, A. F. (1977). The first finds of large pikas of the genus Ochotonoides (Lagomorpha, Lagomyidae) and a sketch of the history of the Lagomyidae in Eastern Europe. Vestnik Zoologii, 6, 45–52 [in Russian with English Summary].Google Scholar
  54. Wang, H. (1988). An early Pleistocene mammalian fauna from Dali, Shaanxi. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 26, 59–72 [in Chinese with English abstract].Google Scholar
  55. White, J. A. (1987). The Archaeolaginae (Mammalia, Lagomorpha) of North America, excluding Archaeolagus and Panolax. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 7, 425–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. White, J. A. (1991). North American Leporinae (Mammalia, Lagomorpha) from late Miocene (Clarendonian) to latest Miocene (Blancan). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 11, 67–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Winkler, A. J., Flynn, L. J., & Tomida, Y. (2011). Fossil lagomorphs from the Potwar Plateau, northern Pakistan. Paleontologia Electronica, 14(3), 38A, 16 p.Google Scholar
  58. Young, C. C. (1927). Fossile Nagetiere aus Nord-China. Palaeontologia Sinica, C, 5(3), 1–82.Google Scholar
  59. Young, C. C. (1935). Miscellaneous mammalian fossils from Shansi and Honan. Palaeontologia Sinica C, 9(2), 1–56.Google Scholar
  60. Zhang, S.-S. (1993). Comprehensive study on the Jinniushan Paleolithic site. Memoirs of Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology, Academia Sinica, 19, 1–153.Google Scholar
  61. Zhang, Z.-Q. (2001). Fossil mammals of early Pleistocene from Ningyang, Shandong Province. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 39, 139–150.Google Scholar
  62. Zhang, Z.-Q. (2010). Revision of Chinese Pleistocene Lepus (Leporidae, Lagomorpha). Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 48, 262–274.Google Scholar
  63. Zhang, Z.-Q., & Zheng, S.-H. (2000). Late Miocene-early Pliocene biostratigraphy of Loc. 93002 section Lingtai, Gansu. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 38, 274–286.Google Scholar
  64. Zheng, S.-H. (1976). Small mammals of middle Pleistocene in Heshui, Gansu. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 14, 112–119 [in Chinese].Google Scholar
  65. Zheng, S.-H., & Li, Y. (1982). Some Pliocene lagomorphs and rodents from Loc. 1 of Songshan, Tianzu Xian, Gansu Province. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 20, 35–44 [in Chinese with English abstract].Google Scholar
  66. Zheng, S.-H., Wu, W.-Y., Li, Y., & Wang, G.-D. (1985a). Late Cenozoic mammalian faunas of Guide and Gonghe Basins, Qinghai Province. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 23, 89–134 [in Chinese with English summary].Google Scholar
  67. Zheng, S.-H., Yuan, B.-Y., Gao, F.-Q., & Sun, F.-Q. (1985b). Fossil mammals. In T.-S. Liu (Ed.), Loess and the Environment (pp. 113–141). Beijing: China Ocean Press [in Chinese].Google Scholar
  68. Zheng, S.-H., Yuan, B.-Y., Gao, F.-Q., & Sun, F.-Q. (1985c). Fossil mammals with special evidence of the evolution of Myospalax. In T.-S. Liu (Ed.), Loess and the environment (pp. 67–72). Beijing: China Ocean Press [in English].Google Scholar
  69. Zheng, S.-H., & Zhang, Z.-Q. (2000). Late Miocene-Early Pleistocene micromammals from Wenwanggou of Lingtai, Gansu, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 38, 58–72 [in Chinese with English summary].Google Scholar
  70. Zheng, S.-H., & Zhang, Z.-Q. (2001). Late Miocene-Early Pleistocene biostratigraphy of the Leijiahe Area, Lingtai, Gansu. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 39, 215–228 [in Chinese with English summary].Google Scholar
  71. Zheng, S.-H., Zhang, Z.-Q., & Liu, L.-P. (1997). Pleistocene mammals from fissure-filling of Sunjiashan hill, Shandong, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 35, 215–221 [in Chinese with English summary].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of PaleomammalogyInstitute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, and the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and EthnologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations