The Murine Rodents of Yushe Basin

  • Wen-Yu Wu
  • Lawrence J. Flynn
  • Zhu-Ding Qiu
Part of the Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology book series (VERT)


We review and expand the systematics and biostratigraphic record of murine rodents in Yushe Basin. Several new taxa were established for the Pliocene fossil record of North China following our initial field work of the 1980s. The rodent collection was expanded and developed by complementary field work in 1991, and subsequent study. Herein we present a new Late Miocene genus and review all occurrences of Yushe Murinae. Relatively primitive taxa characterize the Late Miocene of Yushe, and these appear to be related to early lineages that diversified in the Indian Subcontinent. The interval of about 6–5 Ma in Yushe records several murines that occur at Ertemte, Inner Mongolia: Karnimatoides hipparionus, Apodemus orientalis, and Micromys chalceus. Chardinomys is an additional genus that distinguishes Yushe microfaunas from other Asian assemblages, and the common C. yusheensis ranges from latest Miocene through early Pliocene. With Chardinomys, the genus Huaxiamys characterizes Late Neogene Yushe murine assemblages. The Pliocene of Yushe Basin records successive species of Chardinomys, Micromys, Huaxiamys, and Apodemus. Derived species of Chardinomys, Micromys, and Apodemus persist into the Pleistocene.


Yushe Basin North China Late Neogene Murinae Biogeography 



We express our gratitude to the Academia Sinica and US National Science Foundation without whose support our project could not have been accomplished. The encouragement and guidance of Zhan-Xiang Qiu and Richard H. Tedford were the underlying forces that brought success to our work. Of course, Will Downs, our long-time collaborator and friend in vertebrate paleontology, especially for the paleontology of China, brought the micromammal effort to fruition. Will, Dong Weilin, insisted that YS145 would produce rich fossil remains and, of course, he was correct. C.-K. Li, L.L Jacobs, and S.-H. Zheng provided valuable counsel and information. Drs. Jacobs, Wilma Wessels, and Yuri Kimura kindly reviewed the manuscript, offering many improvements. We thank all members of the Yushe field parties, and the people of Yushe. Guy Musser (AMNH) and Maria Rutzmoser and Judy Chupasko (MCZ) kindly made mammalian comparative material available.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Paleomammalogy, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and PaleoanthropologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, and the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and EthnologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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