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Yushe Basin Prometheomyini (Arvicolinae, Rodentia)

  • Wen-Yu WuEmail author
  • Lawrence J. Flynn
Chapter
Part of the Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology book series (VERT)

Abstract

Absent from Miocene and Pleistocene assemblages of Yushe Basin, prometheomyine Arvicolinae are a common and characteristic element of Pliocene faunas. Two time-successive species of the genus Germanomys are well represented in the Gaozhuang and Mazegou formations and serve as index fossils for Gaozhuangian and Mazegouan faunas. The genus Germanomys is well known in the Pliocene of Europe, but the oldest Yushe Germanomys (at about 4.7 Ma) is appreciably older than the European records, yet relatively derived in stage of evolution of crown height and sinuousity of the base of the enamel on molars. The younger Germanomys species is late Pliocene in age, higher crowned, and shows a more derived sinuous line. In addition to the Germanomys lineage that is well represented in the Yushe Pliocene sequence, we find evidence of the distinct genus Stachomys and perhaps another prometheomyine in Yushe Basin.

Keywords

Yushe Basin North China Late Neogene Germanomys Prometheomyini 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Many thanks are due Prof. Dr. G. Rabeder from Institute of Palaeontology, University of Vienna and Priv.-Doz. Dr. U. Göhlich, Natural History Museum of Vienna, for providing critical references. Drs. Q. Li, Y.-Q. Zhang, and S.-H. Zheng kindly reviewed the manuscript, offering many improvements. We also thank Miss H.-W. Si for improving the figures.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of PaleomammalogyInstitute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, and the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and EthnologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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