Theory and Applications of Smart Cameras

Part of the series KAIST Research Series pp 63-86


Foundations and Applications of 3D Imaging

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Two-dimensional imaging through digital photography has been a main application of mobile computing devices, such as smart phones, during the last decade. Expanding the dimensions of digital imaging, the recent advances in 3D imaging technology are about to be combined with such smart devices, resulting in broadened applications of 3D imaging. This chapter presents the foundations of 3D imaging, that is, the relationship between disparity and depth in a stereo camera system, and it surveys a general workflow to build a 3D model from sensor data. In addition, recent advanced 3D imaging applications are introduced: hyperspectral 3D imaging, multispectral photometric stereo and stereo fusion of refractive and binocular stereo.


Stereo imaging Hyperspectral 3D imaging