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Macroevolution and Paleobiogeography of Jurassic-Cretaceous Ammonoids

  • Margaret M. YacobucciEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 44)

Abstract

Jurassic-Cretaceous (J-K) ammonoids experienced remarkably rapid rates of evolution and extinction. The processes that fueled this evolutionary volatility are not well understood. Evolutionary relationships among and within the six J-K ammonoid suborders are incompletely reconstructed, in part because the homeomorphy and intraspecific variability complicates phylogenetic analysis. J-K ammonoids appear to have been developmentally flexible; heterochronic shifts in their evolution are common and taxa are often distinguishable by variations in the timing of developmental events. Changes in environmental variables are consistently correlated with both diversification and extinction in J-K ammonoids. The tectonic separation of Pangea, greenhouse warming, and sea level change drove ammonoid dispersal and the development of biogeographic provinces. A synthetic view of J-K ammonoid evolution provides the foundation for a model of ammonoid speciation in which sea level change provides new epeiric sea microhabitats into which ammonoids disperse while developmental flexibility provides the morphological and ecological variation to fuel divergence and speciation. New quantitative and geospatial approaches will allow us to integrate phylogenetic and paleobiogeographic data to better understand the macroevolution of these cephalopods.

Keywords

Evolution Speciation Extinction Phylogeny Heterochrony Biogeography 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This chapter is dedicated to William A. Cobban, William J. Kennedy, Richard A. Reyment, and Gerd E. G. Westermann, pioneers in the integrative study of Jurassic-Cretaceous ammonoid evolution. The author wishes to thank the many colleagues with whom she has discussed ammonoid evolution, especially Warren D. Allmon, Kenneth De Baets, Silvain Gerber, David K. Jacobs, Susan M. Klofak, Christian Klug, Matthew J. Knauss, Dieter Korn, Björn Kröger, Isabelle Kruta, Neil H. Landman, Richard A. MacKenzie, Royal H. Mapes, Lori L. Manship, Al McGowan, Claude Monnet, Pascal Neige, Roy Plotnick, Isabelle Rouget, W. Bruce Saunders, Kazushige Tanabe, Karen J. Waggoner, Steve Wang, Ryoji Wani, and Gerd E. G. Westermann. Isabelle Rouget, Kazushige Tanabe, Christian Klug, and Tony Avruch also provided helpful feedback on the manuscript.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeologyBowling Green State UniversityBowling GreenUSA

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