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Taxonomic Diversity and Morphological Disparity of Paleozoic Ammonoids

  • Dieter Korn
  • Christian Klug
  • Sonny A. Walton
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 44)

Abstract

The Ammonoidea are well represented in terms of numbers of species over a large range of time and they have survived many extinction events. The time interval from the Early Devonian through to the Triassic has seen ammonoid groups evolve and become extinct. The evolutionary history of the Paleozoic ammonoids was punctuated by some extinction events with near extinction events and subsequent recoveries. A Principal Components Analysis (PCA) based on the conch width index (CWI), umbilical width index (UWI) and whorl expansion rate (WER) parameters from 4834 ammonoid species of Devonian to Triassic age produced an empirical morphospace this time interval. The morphospace of Paleozoic ammonoids shows some subtle changes between the periods, but generally, the occupied area is remarkably similar.

Keywords

Ammonoidea Taxonomic diversity Morphological disparity Devonian Carboniferous Permian 

Notes

Acknowledgments

CK thanks the Swiss National Science Foundation for supporting the research that produced some of the results reviewed herein (SNF project numbers 200021-113956/1, 200020-25029, and 200020-132870). We thank Royal H. Mapes and Kenneth De Baets for reviewing the ms.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und BiodiversitätsforschungBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Paläontologisches Institut und MuseumZürichSwitzerland

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