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Transformations of Dimethylsulfide

  • Ulrike KapplerEmail author
  • Hendrik Schäfer
Part of the Metal Ions in Life Sciences book series (MILS, volume 14)

Abstract

Dimethylsulfide (DMS) is a naturally occurring chemical that is part of the biogeochemical sulfur cycle and has been implicated in climate-relevant atmospheric processes. In addition, DMS occurs in soil environments as well as in food stuff as a flavor compound and it can also be associated with disease states such as halitosis. A major environmental source of DMS is the marine algal osmoprotectant dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP). A variety of bacterial enzyme systems lead either to the production of DMS from DMSP or dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) or its oxidation to, e.g., DMSO. The interconversion of DMS and DMSO is catalyzed by molybdenum-containing metalloenzymes that have been very well studied, and recently another enzyme system, an NADH-dependent, flavin-containing monooxygenase, that produces formaldehyde and methanethiol from DMS has also been described.

DMS conversions are not limited to a specialized group of bacteria – evidence for DMS-based metabolism exists for heterotrophic, autotrophic and phototrophic bacteria and there is also evidence for the occurrence of this type of sulfur compound conversion in Archaea.

Keywords

dimethylsulfide dimethylsulfoxide DMS dehydrogenase DMS monooxygenase DMSO reductase 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Dr. Megan Maher and Prof. Paul Bernhardt for their help in preparing this manuscript. HS is grateful to past and present coworkers and support from the UK-Natural Environment Research Council.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, 76 Molecular Biosciences BuildingThe University of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia
  2. 2.School of Life Sciences, Gibbet Hill CampusUniversity of WarwickCoventryUK

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