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Mineral Dust pp 443-462 | Cite as

Subaquatic Dust Deposits

  • Jan-Berend W. StuutEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Sedimentary deposits of dust found on lake and ocean floors are here considered subaquatic dust deposits. In this chapter, a state-of-the-art overview is given of these subaquatic dust deposits and their value as archives of environmental change. Examples are given of subaquatic dust deposits that register over millions of years fluctuations in dust fluxes that can be interpreted in terms of past environmental changes in the source area(s) of the dust particles. The tools (theso-called proxies) that have been used to read these records of environmental changes are also presented and discussed. Subaquatic dust deposits are usually continuous through time, relatively easy to date; they reflect both wet and dry deposition of mineral dust particles and are not biased by the altitude at which the particles are deposited. This set of properties makes them a very valuable archive of dust as recorder of palaeo-environmental change. Finally, it is discussed in this chapter how the ocean potentially plays a role in the process of dust as a player of environmental change.

Keywords

Marine Lacustrine Archive Palaeo-environments Reconstruction Proxies Particle size Sink Nutrients Fertilization CO2 sequestration 

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NIOZ – Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea ResearchDepartment of Marine Geology and Chemical OceanographyTexelThe Netherlands
  2. 2.MARUM – Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, Department of Marine SedimentologyUniversity of BremenBremenGermany

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