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Structural Features of Cholesterol Dependent Cytolysins and Comparison to Other MACPF-Domain Containing Proteins

  • Robert GilbertEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Subcellular Biochemistry book series (SCBI, volume 80)

Abstract

Five different cholesterol-dependent cytolysins (CDCs) have now had their atomic structures solved. Here their structures are compared and shown to vary less in the C-terminal region than they do in their N-terminal MACPF/CDC homology region. The most variable region of the C-terminal domain is the undecapeptide, which is observed in two clusters of conformations, and comparison of this domain with the C2 domain of perforin shows that the two structures have a common ancestor. Structural studies of CDC pre-pore and pore oligomers by cryo-electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy have revealed much about their mechanism of action. Understanding the activity of CDCs has required a combination of structural, biophysical and functional assays but current models of pore formation still require development to account for variable functional pore size.

Keywords

Cryo-electron microscopy Monomeric CDC structure Oligomeric CDC structures Perforin Structural phylogeny X-ray crystallography 

Abbreviations

ALO

Anthrolysin

AUC

Analytical ultracentrifugation

CDCs

Cholesterol-dependent cytolysins

ILY

Intermedilysin

LLO

Listeriolysin O

MALS

Multi-angle light scattering

PFO

Perfringolysin O

PLY

Pneumolysin

RMSD

Root mean square deviation

SLO

Streptolysin O

SLY

Suilysin

TMH

Transmembrane hairpin

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human GeneticsUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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