Livestock and Women’s Livelihoods

  • Patti KristjansonEmail author
  • Ann Waters-Bayer
  • Nancy Johnson
  • Annita Tipilda
  • Jemimah Njuki
  • Isabelle Baltenweck
  • Delia Grace
  • Susan MacMillan


Livestock make substantial contributions to the livelihoods of poor women in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, yet the factors that enhance or constrain livestock-related opportunities for women have received relatively little empirical analysis. This review applies a gender lens to a conceptual framework for understanding the role of livestock in pathways out of poverty, using a livelihoods approach that centralizes the importance of assets, markets, and other institutions. The three hypothesized livestock pathways out of poverty are (1) securing current and future assets, (2) sustaining and improving the productivity of agricultural systems in which livestock are important, and (3) facilitating greater participation of the poor in livestock-related markets. While these three pathways are distinct, with each requiring particular strategies and interventions to be successful, they are not mutually exclusive. The chapter summarizes what is known for each pathway and what these pathways imply for programmatic and policy interventions.


Gender Livestock Livelihoods Assets Markets 


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© Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patti Kristjanson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ann Waters-Bayer
    • 2
  • Nancy Johnson
    • 3
  • Annita Tipilda
    • 4
  • Jemimah Njuki
    • 5
  • Isabelle Baltenweck
    • 6
  • Delia Grace
    • 6
  • Susan MacMillan
    • 6
  1. 1.CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)World Agroforestry CentreNairobiKenya
  2. 2.ETC FoundationAB LeusdenNetherlands
  3. 3.IFPRI, Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH)Washington, DCUSA
  4. 4.Global Forests and Climate Change Programme, Nature Based Solutions GroupInternational Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)GlandSwitzerland
  5. 5.International Development Research CentreNairobiKenya
  6. 6.International Livestock Research InstituteNairobiKenya

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