GIS-Based Methodology for the Analysis of Regional Landscapes and Their Changes Based on Land Cover and Use: A Planning Perspective Aimed at Conserving the Natural Heritage

  • Alexandru-Ionuţ PetrişorEmail author
Part of the Springer Geography book series (SPRINGERGEOGR)


Considered by the ecologists a complex of ecosystem and by the geographers a territorial system, the landscape represents the result of long-term interaction between man and nature, translated into a certain specific structural and functional organization and into the way it is perceived by human communities. The interaction between man and landscape is reflected in land cover and use changes, which represent an instrument to assess trends of interest for planning purposes. Moreover, climate changes could determine additional land cover and use changes, which at their turn modify the landscape. This chapter proposes a methodology using the geographical information systems (GIS) and CORINE land cover and use data to assess the current environmental issues and trends and determine the priorities of planning and strategies of development, starting from the example of Covasna County in Romania.


Biodiversity Natural protected sites Real estate boom Global change Agriculture Urbanization 


  1. Andrewartha H, Birch C (1954) The distribution and abundance of animals. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  2. Basiago AD (1999) Economic, social, and environmental sustainability in development theory and urban planning practice. Environmentalist 19:145–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blenckner T, Chen D (2003) Comparison of the impact of regional and North Atlantic atmospheric circulation on an aquatic ecosystem. Clim Res 23:131–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brundtland GH (1987) Our common future. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  5. Collignon P (2009) Situation et défis du monde rural—Le patrimoine et le paysage au cœur des enjeux du développement territorial durable [Status and challenges of the rural world-heritage and landscape as core goals of sustainable territorial development]. Aménagement du territoire européen et paysage 88:99–103Google Scholar
  6. Council of Europe—COE (2005) Council of Europe Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society. Council of Europe Treaty Series 199:3Google Scholar
  7. Cowen DJ (1988) GIS versus CAD versus DBMS: what are the differences? Photogram Eng Remote Sens 54:1551–1555Google Scholar
  8. Crăciun C (2010) Peisagistică [Landscape planning]. “Ion Mincu” University of Architecture and Urbanism, BucharestGoogle Scholar
  9. Dale VH, Efroymson RA, Kline KL (2011) The land use–climate change–energy nexus. Landscape Ecol 26:755–773CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dutcă I, Abrudan IV (2010) Estimation of forest land-cover change in Romania, between 1990 and 2006, bulletin of the Transylvania University of Braşov Series II: forestry, Wood Industry, and Agricultural Food Engineering 52:33–36Google Scholar
  11. Gibson RB (2006) Beyond the pillars: sustainability assessment as a framework for effective integration of social, economic and ecological considerations in significant decision-making. J Environ Assess Policy Manage 8(3):259–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Govindasamy B, Duffy PB, Coquard J (2003) High-resolution simulations of global climate, Part 2: Effects of increased greenhouse cases. Clim Dyn 21:391–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Haeckel E (1866) Generelle morphologie der organismen. Georg Reimer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hawkes J (2001) The fourth pillar of sustainability: culture’s essential role in public planning. Melbourne, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  15. Hijmans RJ, Guarino L, Cruz M, Rojas E (2001) Computer tools for spatial analysis of plant genetic resources data: 1. DIVA-GIS. Plant Genet Resour Newsl 127:15–19Google Scholar
  16. Hijmans RJ, Cameron SE, Parra JL, Jones PG, Jarvis A (2005) Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas. Int J Climatol 25:1965–1978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources—IUCN (1994) Guidelines for protected areas management categories. IUCN, Switzerland and CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  18. Jančič M (2007) Valorizarea peisajului si patrimoniului prin demersuri teritoriale de dezvoltare [Enhancing landscape and heritage through spatial development startegies]. Sixth Meeting of the Workshops for the Implementation of European Landscape Convention, Council of Europe, September 21, 2007, Sibiu, RomaniaGoogle Scholar
  19. Jensen JR (2000) Remote sensing of the environment. An earth resource perspective. Prentice Hall, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  20. Littig B, Grießler E (2005) Social sustainability: a catchword between political pragmatism and social theory. Int J Sustain Dev 8(1–2):65–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Marshall JD, Blair JM, Peters DPC, Okin G, Rango A, Williams M (2008) Predicting and understanding ecosystem responses to climate change at continental scales. Front Ecol Environ 6(5):273–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Murphy K (2012) The social pillar of sustainable development: a literature review and framework for policy analysis. Sustain Sci Pract Policy 8(1):15–29Google Scholar
  23. Parliament of Romania (2002) Lege nr. 451 din 8 iulie 2002 pentru ratificarea Convenţiei europene a peisajului, adoptată la Florenţa la 20 octombrie 2000 [Law no. 451 of July 8, 2002 on the ratification of the European Landscape Convention, adopted in Florence, October 20, 2000]. Official Gazette 536(1)Google Scholar
  24. Parliament of Romania (2007) Ordonanţa de urgenţă 57/2007 privind regimul ariilor naturale protejate, conservarea habitatelor naturale, a florei şi faunei sălbatice [Urgency Ordinance no. 57 of 2007 on the regime of natural protected areas, conservation of natural habitats, and wild flora and fauna]. Official Gazette 442(1)Google Scholar
  25. Petrişor AI (2008) Levels of biological diversity: a spatial approach to assessment methods. Rom Rev Reg Stud 4(1):41–62Google Scholar
  26. Petrişor AI, Ianoş I, Tălângă C (2010) Land cover and use changes focused on the urbanization processes in Romania. Environ Eng Manage J 9(6):765–771Google Scholar
  27. Philips A (2002) Management guidelines for IUCN category V protected areas: protected landscapes/seascapes. IUCN, Switzerland and CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pickett STA, Grove JM (2009) Urban ecosystems: what would Tansley do? Urban Ecosyst 12:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Roman T (2009) The forest of Romania: a social-economic’s dramma. Theor Appl Econ 535(6):57–64Google Scholar
  30. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2007) Biodiversity and climate change. International Day for Biological Diversity Booklet. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  31. Tansley AG (1935) The use and abuse of vegetational concepts and terms. Ecology 16:284–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Thomas C (2003) Climate change and habitat fragmentation, In: Green RE, Harley M, Miles J, Scharlemann J, Watkinson A, Watts O. Global Climate Change and Biodiversity, University of East Anglia, Norwich, pp. 22–23Google Scholar
  33. Troll C (1968) Landschaftsokologie. Pflanzensoziologie und Landschaftsokologie [Landscape ecology. Plant sociology and landscape ecology]. In: Tiixen R (ed) Berichte das 1963 Internalen Symposiums der Internationalen Vereinigung fur Vegetationskunde. Dr W. Junk Publishers, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  34. United Cities and Local Governments (2010) Culture: fourth pillar of sustainable development. Policy statement. United Cities and Local Governments, Barcelona, SpainGoogle Scholar
  35. Vădineanu A (1998) Dezvoltarea durabilă, Vol. I. Bazele teoretice ale dezvoltării durabile [Sustainable development. Vol. I. Theoretical background of sustainable development]. University of Bucharest Press, BucharestGoogle Scholar
  36. Vădineanu A (2004) Managementul dezvoltării: o abordare ecosistemică [Management of development. An eco-systemic approach]. Ars Docendi Press, BucharestGoogle Scholar
  37. Wu J, Hobbs RJ (2007) Key topics in landscape ecology. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Assistant Professor / Lecturer“Ion Mincu” University of Architecture and UrbanismBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Scientific Director for Urban Planning and Territorial Development and Senior ResearcherNational Institute for Research and Development in Constructions, Urbanism and Sustainable Spatial Development URBAN-INCERCBucharestRomania

Personalised recommendations