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Observing the Agulhas Current With Sea Surface Temperature and Altimetry Data: Challenges and Perspectives

  • Marjolaine KrugEmail author
  • Paolo Cipollini
  • Francois Dufois
Chapter

Abstract

The Agulhas Current is a challenging region for satellite remote sensing observations. Strong evaporation rates above the current core and the Retroflection reduce the number of cloud-free observations from Infra-Red sensors, while microwave radiometers and altimeters measurements suffer from the proximity of the current to the coast in the northern region. Infra-Red observations of the Agulhas Current significantly improved with the launch of the Meteosat Second Generation satellite, but Infra-Red Sea Surface Temperature datasets still suffer from inadequate cloud masking algorithms, particularly in regions of strong temperature gradient. Despite both Sea Surface Height and Sea Surface Temperature observations being severely compromised in the northern Agulhas current, a synergetic use of merged altimetry and high frequency Infra-Red Sea Surface Temperature imagery provides a means to track deep-sea eddies, document their influence on the Agulhas Current and helps us improve our understanding of the Agulhas Current variability.

Keywords

Advance Very High Resolution Radiometer Advance Very High Resolution Radiometer Anticyclonic Eddy Microwave Radiometer Mean Dynamic Topography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marjolaine Krug
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Paolo Cipollini
    • 2
  • Francois Dufois
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.Ecosystem Earth ObservationsCouncil for Scientific and Industrial ResearchCape TownSouth Africa
  2. 2.Marine Physics and Ocean ClimateNational Oceanography CentreSouthamptonUK
  3. 3.Oceanography DepartmentMare Institute, University of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa
  4. 4.Also at: Nansen-Tutu Center for Marine Environmental Research, Oceanography DepartmentUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa
  5. 5.CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric ResearchFloreatAustralia

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