Neurourology pp 195-198 | Cite as

Renal Function Evaluation

  • Nuno Grilo
  • Brigitte SchurchEmail author


Renal function evaluation is a key factor in the long-term follow-up of patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. It is as crucial as complex, since many of the tests available nowadays, lack accuracy, particularly in this group of patients [1]. Lawrenson et al. showed that patients with neural tube defects have an eightfold greater risk of developing renal failure, whereas spinal cord injury patients present a fivefold greater risk [2]. As it would be expected, this risk increases exponentially with age. In multiple sclerosis, the overall risk of upper tract damage is considerably lower, being almost similar to the general population [3–5]. Whatever the neurological condition, an accurate renal function evaluation is then key to early diagnosis and follow-up of various kidney diseases in this group of patients.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Urology Department, DSCAUniversity Hospital LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Neurourology Unit, Department of NeuroscienceUniversity Hospital LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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