Neurourology pp 155-163 | Cite as

Conventional Urodynamics

  • Marcio A. Averbeck
  • Thomas M. Kessler


Urodynamic evaluation (or ‘urodynamics’) is aimed at defining the pattern of (dys) function of the LUT and should reproduce the patient’s urinary complaints. Urodynamic investigation (UDI) is the gold standard to evaluate lower urinary tract function in patients with neurological diseases, especially when there is evidence or history of spinal cord injury (SCI). Special attention should be given to appropriate standardization of the urodynamic technique since this is the prerequisite for reproducible and reliable results. Any technical source of artifacts must be critically considered, and all urodynamic findings have to be reported in detail.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcio A. Averbeck
    • 1
  • Thomas M. Kessler
    • 2
  1. 1.Video-Urodynamics Unit, Department of UrologyMoinhos de Vento HospitalPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Spinal Cord Injury CenterUniversity of Zürich, Balgrist University HospitalZürichSwitzerland

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