Advertisement

Socio-Economic Dependence on the Life-Supporting Environment

  • Carl Folke
Chapter
Part of the Ecology, Economy & Environment book series (ECEE, volume 1)

Abstract

This chapter discusses the emerging ecology-economy perspective outlined by many systems ecologists and a growing number of economists. This perspective emphasizes the interrelations between socio-economic development and the life-supporting ecosystems. The role of the environment in supporting the economy is identified, and related to growth and sustainability issues. The challenge is to enable the agents of the human economy to fit the socio-economic systems into biogeochemical cycles, so as to maintain the life-supporting environment and hopefully extend the life of resources in fixed supply. Input management of human production systems and the development of ecotechnology are suggested as important tools for approaching such a goal.

Keywords

Natural Resource Natural Resource Management Environmental Good Ecological Economic Environmental Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barbier, E.B. 1989. Economics, Natural-Resource Scarcity and Development: Conventional and Alternative Views. Earthscan, London.Google Scholar
  2. Barnett, H.J. and Morse, C. 1963. Scarcity and Growth. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  3. Berkes, F. 1989. Common Property Resources: Ecology and Community-based Sustainable Development. Belhaven Press, London.Google Scholar
  4. Borgström, G. 1967. The Hungry Planet. Macmillan, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Boulding, K.E. 1966. The Economics of the Coming Spaceship Earth. In: Daly, H.E. (ed.), 1980. Economics, Ecology, Ethics: Essays Toward a Steady-State Economy. Freeman, San Francisco, pp. 253–263.Google Scholar
  6. Braat, L.C. and van Lierop, W.F.J. 1987. Economic-Ecological Modeling. North-Holland/Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  7. Clark, W.C. and Munn. R.E. 1986. Sustainable Development of the Biosphere. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  8. Cleveland, C.J. 1987. Biophysical Economics: Historical Perspective and Current Research Trends. Ecological Modelling 38:47–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cleveland, C.J. 1990. Natural Resource Scarcity and Economic Growth Revisited: Economic and Biophysical Perspectives. Presented at the International Society for Ecological Economics’ Symposium on The Ecological Economics of Sustainability: Making Local and Short-term Goals Consistent with Global and Long-term Goals. The World Bank, Waskington, May 1990.Google Scholar
  10. Cleveland, C.J., Costanza, R., Hall, C.A.S. and Kaufmann, R. 1984. Energy and the US Economy: A Biophysical Perspective. Science 225:890–897.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Costanza, R. and Daly, H.E. 1990. Natural Capital and Sustainable Development. Workshop on Natural Capital, March 15–16, 1990. Canadian Environmental Assessment Research Council, Vancouver, Canada (mimeographed).Google Scholar
  12. Costanza, R., Faber, S.C. and Maxwell, J. 1989. Valuation and Management of Wetland Ecosystems. Ecological Economics 1:335–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Costanza, R., Sklar, F.H. and White, M.L. 1990. Modeling Coastal Landscape Dynamics. BioScience 40:91–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Daly, H.E. 1977. Steady-State Economics. Freeman, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  15. Daly, H.E. 1984. Alternative Strategies for Integrating Economics and Ecology. In: Jansson, A.M. (ed.). Integration of Economy and Ecology: An Outlook for the Eighties. Proceedings from the Wallenberg Symposia. Askö Laboratory, Stockholm University, Stockholm, pp. 19–29.Google Scholar
  16. Daly, H.E. 1987a. Filters Against Folly in Environmental Economics: The Impossible, the Undesirable, and the Uneconomic. In: Pillet, G. and Murota, T. (eds.). Environmental Economics: The Analysis of a Major Interface. R. Leimgruber, Geneva, pp. 1–10.Google Scholar
  17. Daly, H.E. 1987b. The Economic Growth Debate: What some Economists have learned but Many have not. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 14:323–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Daly, H.E. 1990. Toward Some Operational Principles of Sustainable Development. Ecological Economics 2:1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Daly, H.E. and Cobb, J.B. 1989. For the Common Good: Redirecting the Economy Toward Community, the Environment and a Sustainable Future. Beacon Press, Boston.Google Scholar
  20. Dasgupta, P. 1989. Exhaustible Resources. In: Friday, L. and Laskey, R. (eds.). The Fragile Environment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 107–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. de Groot, R.S. 1988. Environmental Functions: An Analytical Framework for Integrating Environmental and Economic Assessment. Workshop on Integrating Environmental and Economic Assessment: Analytical and Negotiating Approaches, November 17–18,1988. Canadian Environmental Assessment Research Council, Vancoucer, Canada (mimeographed).Google Scholar
  22. Ehrlich, P.R. 1989. The Limits to Substitution: Meta-Resource Depletion and a New Economic-Ecological Paradigm. Ecological Economics 1:9–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Folke, C. 1990. Evaluation of Ecosystem Life-Support: In Relation to Salmon and Wetland Exploitation. Ph.D. Dissertation in Ecological Economics. Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  24. Folke, C. and Kautsky, N. 1989. The Role of Ecosystems for a Sustainable Development of Aquaculture. Ambio 18:234–243.Google Scholar
  25. Folke, C., Hammer, M. and Jansson, A.M. 1991. The Life-Support Value of Ecosystems: A Case Study of the Baltic Sea Region. Ecological Economics 3: in press.Google Scholar
  26. Georgescu-Roegen, N. 1971. The Entropy Law and the Economic Process. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  27. Goldemberg, J., Johansson, T.B., Reddy, A.K.N. and Williams, R.H. 1988. Energy for a Sustainable World. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  28. Gosselink, J.G., Odum, E.P. and Pope, R.M. 1974. The Value of a Tidal Marsh. Publication No. LSU-SG-74-03. Center for Wetland Resources, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.Google Scholar
  29. Grima, A.P.L. and Berkes, F. 1989. Natural Resources: Access, Right-to-use and Management. In: Berkes, F. (ed.). Common Property Resources: Ecology and Community-based Sustainable Development. Belhaven Press, London, pp. 33–54.Google Scholar
  30. Hall, C.A.S., Cleveland, C.J. and Kaufmann, R. 1986. Energy and Resource Quality: The Ecology of the Economic Process. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  31. Holling, C. 1986. The Resilience of Terrestrial Ecosystems: Local Surprise and Global Change. In: Clark, W.C. and Munn, R.E. (eds.). Sustainable Development of the Biosphere. Cambridge University Press, London, pp. 292–317.Google Scholar
  32. Hueting, R. 1980. New Scarcity and Economic Growth: More Welfare through less production. North-Holland, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  33. Hufschmidt, M.M., James, D.E., Meister, A.D., Bower, B.T. and Dixon, J.A. 1983. Environment, Natural Systems, and Development: An Economic Valuation Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  34. James, D.E., Nijkamp, P. and Opschoor, J.B. 1989. Ecological Sustainability and Economic Development. In: Archibugi, F. and Nijkamp, P. (eds.). Economy and Ecology: Towards Sustainable Development. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 27–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Jansson, A.M. 1988. The Ecological Economics of Sustainable Development: Environmental Conservation Reconsidered. In: The Stockholm Group for Studies on Natural Resources Management (eds.). Perspectives of Sustainable Development: Some Critical Issues Related to the Brundtland Report. Stockholm Studies in Natural Resources Management No. 1. Askö Laboratory, Division of Natural Resources Management, Stockholm University, Stockholm, pp. 31–36.Google Scholar
  36. Lotka, A.J. 1922. Contributions to the Energetics of Evolution. Proceedings from the National Academy of Science 8:147–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lovelock, J.E. 1979. Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  38. Mitsch, W.J. and Jörgensen, S.E. 1989. Ecological Engineering: An Introduction to Ecotechnology. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  39. Odum, E.P. 1975. Ecology: The Link Between the Natural and Social Sciences. Second Edition. Holt-Saunders. New York.Google Scholar
  40. Odum, E.P. 1985. Trends to be Expected in Stressed Ecosystems. BioScience 35:419–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Odum, E.P. 1989a. Ecology and Our Endangered Life-Support Systems. Sinuaer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  42. Odum, E.P. 1989b. Input Management of Production Systems. Science 243:177–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Odum, H.T. 1971. Environment, Power, and Society. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  44. Odum, H.T. 1973. Energy, Ecology, and Economics. Ambio 2:220–227.Google Scholar
  45. Odum, H.T. 1983. Systems Ecology. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  46. Pearce, D.W. and Turner, R.K. 1990. Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Harvester-Wheatsheaf, London.Google Scholar
  47. Pearce, D., Markandya, A. and Barbier, E.B. 1989. Blueprint for a Green Economy. Earthscan, London.Google Scholar
  48. Perrings, C. 1987. Economy and Environment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Prigogine, I. and Strengers. I. 1984. Order out of Chaos. Bantam Books, New York.Google Scholar
  50. Proops, J.L.R. 1985. Thermodynamics and Economics: From analogy to Physical Functioning. In: van Gool, W. and Bruggink, J.J.C. (eds.). Energy and Time in the Economic and Physical Sciences. North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 155–174.Google Scholar
  51. Rapport, D.J. and Turner, J.E. 1977. Economic Models in Ecology. Science 195:367–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Reiger, H.A. and Baskerville, G.L. 1986. Sustainable Redevelopment of Regional Ecosystems Degraded by Exploitive Development. In: Clark, W.C. and Munn, R.E. (eds.). Sustainable Development of the Biosphere. Cambridge University Press, London, pp. 75–101.Google Scholar
  53. Rogers, G.W. 1979. Alaska’s Limited Entry Program: Another View. Journal of the Fisheries Board of Canada 36:738–788.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Solow, R.M. 1974. The Economics of Resources or the Resources of Economics. The American Economic Review 64:1–14.Google Scholar
  55. Ulanowicz, R.E. 1989. Book Review of Ecology and Our Endangered Life-Support Systems. Ecological Economics 1:363–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zucchetto, J. and Jansson, A.M. 1985. Resources and Society: A Systems Ecology Study of the Island of Gotland, Sweden. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  57. WCED. World Commission for Environment and Development. 1987. Our Common Future. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl Folke
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Systems EcologyStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations