Socio-Economic Dependence on the Life-Supporting Environment

  • Carl Folke
Part of the Ecology, Economy & Environment book series (ECEE, volume 1)


This chapter discusses the emerging ecology-economy perspective outlined by many systems ecologists and a growing number of economists. This perspective emphasizes the interrelations between socio-economic development and the life-supporting ecosystems. The role of the environment in supporting the economy is identified, and related to growth and sustainability issues. The challenge is to enable the agents of the human economy to fit the socio-economic systems into biogeochemical cycles, so as to maintain the life-supporting environment and hopefully extend the life of resources in fixed supply. Input management of human production systems and the development of ecotechnology are suggested as important tools for approaching such a goal.


Natural Resource Natural Resource Management Environmental Good Ecological Economic Environmental Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl Folke
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Systems EcologyStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden

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