Emeneau’s Kota Texts

  • Zellig S. Harris
Part of the Formal Linguistics Series book series (FLIS)


In this first major publication to result from his years in India, Emeneau shows how valuable it is for linguists to obtain the thorough and unhurried acquaintance with a language community which these years in India gave him. Emeneau publishes here eleven myths and tales in phonemic tran-scription, with translation and brief notes (38–191). This is preceded by a sketch of Kota grammar (15–29) and a short text with detailed linguistic analysis (30–5).


Stress Contour Utterance Type Absolute Case Derivation Suffix Copulative Construction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Here, as in the other cases below, the alternative analyses are given only for their own sake and as examples of possible methods of analysis. They are in no way presumed to correct or amplify Emeneau’s interpretation.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Identical in phonetic form, but not in extent, with the phonetic value of the word juncture.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Replacement of ay by i· is due to another rule.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    This includes the transitive suffix, whose chief form is č, and the mediacy suffix, whose chief form is kč. Since the two apparently do not occur together, and since the transitive meaning is implicit in the mediacy suffix, the latter could be broken into two:-k-‘mediacy’,-č-transitive. This partition, however, would have the drawback of yielding a morpheme which is limited to occur only with the transitive.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    X represents whatever follows the \(C\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{\bar V}\) of the preceding noun stem: pǔj ‘tiger’, pǔj gǐj ‘tigers and the like’. The ‘and’ is not part of the meaning of ǧiX, since it occurs in all cases of the construction N 1 N 2 = N, as in im a·v ‘buffaloes and cows’.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Equivalently, we may say that the pre-oblique case form is a variant of the other.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Emeneau has already done this in part in the equations S2-ụl = S1, etc., in § 59.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    If we do not wish to regard the absolute case as a zero suffix, but prefer to say that when there is no suffix it is merely the noun stem by itself that occurs (in absolute meaning), we would have to replace this equation by nc = n, indicating that a noun stem without case ending occurs in the same environments as a noun stem with case ending.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    There are restrictions on the concurrence of E 3,4 and members of m. Some tense-modal suffixes occur with E 3, others with E 4. The indicative present-future occurs with either one.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Each ends in one of these three. If they were grouped into one class, marked, say, by z, we could say that each utterance is of the form N, Nz or NVz and so on. This is an added reason for distinguishing them from /,/ as was done above.Google Scholar


  1. M. B. Emeneau: Kota Texts: Part One (University of California Publications in Linguistics, Vol. 2, No. 1), University of California Press, Berkeley — Los Angeles, 1944.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zellig S. Harris
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PennsylvaniaUSA

Personalised recommendations