Advertisement

Litterfall as a measure of primary production in Mediterranean holm-oak forest

  • J. Bellot
  • J. R. Sánchez
  • M. J. Lledó
  • P. Martínez
  • A. Escarré
Chapter
Part of the Advances in vegetation science book series (AIVS, volume 13)

Abstract

In this paper we discuss the use of litterfall as a method to measure primary production and its between year relation to climatic fluctuation. Seven years of study in a mediterranean holm-oak forest showed a moderate inter-annual variability of litterfall (C.V. 11%), while the annual variability of the actual evapotranspiration was three times higher (C.V. 30%). Furthermore, the inter- and intra-annual variability of nutrient content in the various fractions are presented in relation to water availability. Monthly and seasonal variability was higher than the annual variability for all analyzed elements.

Keywords

Holm-oak Mediterranean forest Quercus ilex Primary production Litterfall Litterfall nutrient contents Temporal variability 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bray, R. & Gorham, E. 1964. Litter production in forest of the world. Adv. Ecol. Res. 2: 101–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Comin, P., Escarré, A., Gracia, C., Lledo, M. J., Rabella, R., Savé, R. & Terradas, J. 1987. Water used by Quercus ilex in forests near Barcelona, Spain. In: J. D. Tenhunen (Ed.) Plant response to stress, pp. 259–266. Nato ASI series vol. 15. Springer Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  3. Chapin III, F. & Kedrowski, R. 1983. Seasonal changes in nitrogen and phosphorus fractions and autumn retranslocation in evergreen and deciduous Taiga trees. Ecology 64 (2): 376–391.Google Scholar
  4. Escarré, A., Gracia, C., Roda, F. & Terradas, J. 1984. Ecologia del bosque esclerofilo mediterràneo. Investigaci6n y Ciencia 95: 68–78.Google Scholar
  5. Ferrés, LI. 1984. Biomasa, production y mineralomasa del encinar de la Castanya (Montseny). Tesis doctoral. Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona.Google Scholar
  6. Gallardo, J. F., Santa Regina I. & San Miguel, C. 1989. Ci-clos biogeoquimicos en bosques de la Sierra de Bejar (Salamanca, Espana). 1. Production de hojarasca. Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 26 (1): 35–46.Google Scholar
  7. Gill, H. S., Abrol, I. P. & Samra, J. S., 1987. Nutrient Recycling Through Litter Production in Young Plantations of Acacia nilotica and Eucalyptus tereticornis in a Highly Alkaline Soil. Forest Ecology and Management 22: 57–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gomez Gutierrez, J. M., Calabuig, E. L. & Escudero Beriàn, A. 1980. Materiales aportados al suelo por la encina en la zona de dehesa salmantina. I. Sustancia seca. Studia Oecologica. II: 181–211.Google Scholar
  9. Gracia, C. 1983. La clorofila en los encinares del Montseny. Tesis doctoral. Universidad de Barcelona.Google Scholar
  10. Harley, P. C., Tenhunen, J., Beyschlag, W. & Lange, O., 1987. Seasonal changes in net photosynthesis rates and photosynthetic capacity in leaves of Cistus salvifolius, a European Mediterranean semi-deciduous shrub. Oecologia (Berlin) 74: 380–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Leonardi, S. & Rapp, M. 1981. Retour au sol d’éléments minéraux et d’azote par l’intermediaire des litières dans unGoogle Scholar
  12. ecosystème à Quercus ilex L. du Monte Minardo (Etna). Flora 171: 329–337.Google Scholar
  13. Lieth, H. 1975. Modeling the primary productivity of the world. In: H. Lieth and R. H. Whitaker (Eds.) Primary Productivity of the biosphere. pp 237–263. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lossaint, P. & Rapp, M. 1978. La foret méditerranéenne des chênes verts. In: M. Lamotte and F. Bourlière (Eds). Problèmes d’Ecologie, Ecosystèmes Terrestres: pp. 129–185. Ed. Masson, Paris.Google Scholar
  15. Lowman, M. 1988. Litterfall and leaf decay in three Australian rainforest formations. Journal of Ecology 76: 451–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lledo, M. J. 1990. Compartimentos y flujos biogeoquimicos en una cuenca de encinar del Monte Poblet. Tesis doctoral. Universidad de Alicante.Google Scholar
  17. Margalef, R. 1981. Ecologia. Ed. Omega, Barcelona.Google Scholar
  18. Rapp, M. 1969. Production de litière et apport au sol d’éléments minéraux dans deux écosystèmes méditerranéens: la forêt de Quercus ilex et la garrigue de Q. coccifera. Oecol. Plant. 4 (4): 377–410.Google Scholar
  19. Santa Regina, I., Gallardo, J. & San Miguel, C. 1989. Ciclos biogeoqulmicos en bosques de la Sierra de Bejar (Salamanca, Espana): 2. Retorno potencial de bioelementos por medio de la hojarasca. Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 26 (2): 155–170.Google Scholar
  20. Specht, R. 1982. General characteristics of mediterraneantype ecosystems. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-58. Berkeley, CA.Google Scholar
  21. Tenhunen, J., Harley, P. C., Beyschlag, W. & Lange, O. L. 1987. A model of net photosynthesis for leaves of the sclerophyll Quercus coccifera. In: J. D. Tenhunen. (Ed.) Plant response to stress, pp. 339–354. Nato ASI series vol. 15. Springer Verlag, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Terradas, J., Prat, N., Escarré, A. & Margalef, R. 1989. Historia Natural dels Països Catalans. 14. Sistemes Naturals. 500 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Verdi’, M. C. 1984. Circulacio de nutrients en tres ecosistemes forestals del Montseny: caiguda de virosta i descomposicio de la fullaraca. Tesis doctoral. Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona.Google Scholar
  24. Vitousek, P. M. 1982. Nutrient cycling and nutrient use efficiency. The American Naturalist. 119 (4): 553–572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Weber, M. 1987. Decomposition, litter fall & forest floor nutrient dynamics in relation to fire in eastern Ontario jack pine ecosystems. Can. J. For. Res. 17: 1496–1506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Bellot
    • 1
  • J. R. Sánchez
    • 1
  • M. J. Lledó
    • 1
  • P. Martínez
    • 1
  • A. Escarré
    • 1
  1. 1.Dpto. Ciencias Ambientales, Fac. CienciasUniversidad de AlicanteAlicanteSpain

Personalised recommendations