Advertisement

Diversity and Distribution Patterns of Aspleniaceae in Brazil

  • Lana Da Silva Sylvestre
  • Paulo Günter Windisch
Chapter

Abstract

The family Aspleniaceae is represented in Brazil by two genera: Asplenium, with 69 species and four varieties and Antigramma, with three species. The genus Asplenium is widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions and presents 20 species that occur exclusively in Brazil. The genus Antigramma is mainly Neotropical, represented in this region by three species, one of them restricted to Brazil. The pantropical elements constitute 9.2%, the widely distributed in America 32.9%, the widely distributed in South America 4%, the restricted to the northern part of South America 11,8%, and those restricted to the meridional part of South America 11.8%. Species restricted to Brazil correspond to 27.6%, and are centered exclusively in the South and Southeastern regions. Two species (2.7%) represent disjunctions, one also occurring in the Andes and the other in the Guaianas. An analysis of the group in relation to the Neotropical fern diversity and speciation centers indicates that the majority of the taxa (78%) occur in she Southeastern Brazilian center. The Andean center presents significant relations with the Brazilian fern flora, followed by elements from the Guaianas and Mexico/Central America. The results reaffirm the importance of South-Southeastern Brazil as a major center of speciation and endemism for Neotropical ferns, especially the regions of the Atlantic forest and “campos rupestres” (rupestrial grasslands). Distribution maps of some species are presented with a discussion of the distribution patterns.

Keywords

Atlantic Forest Southeastern Region Mina Gerais Santa Catarina Pantropical Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Alves, R. J. V. 1998. Ilha de Trindade e Arquipélago de Martim Vaz–um ensaio geobotânico. Serviço de Documentação da Marinha, Brasil. Niteói, 143 p. il.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, J. G. 1870. Polypodiaceae. Pp. 337–623. In: Martius, C. F. P. and A. G. Eichler (eds.) Flora Brasiliensis…, Monachii, Lipsiae, apud Frid., Fleischer in Com.Google Scholar
  3. Fée, A. L. A. 1869/1873. Cryptogames vasculaires du Brésil. Vol. 1–2. Paris, Strasbourg. 267, 115 p. il.Google Scholar
  4. Giulietti, A. M., J. R. Pirani, and R. M. Harley. 1997. Espinhaço range region. Pp. 397–404. In: Heywood, V. H. and D. S. Davis (eds.) Centers of plant diversity–a guide and strategy for their conservation. Vol. 3: The Americas. WWF/IUCN.Google Scholar
  5. Holmgren, P. K., N. H. Holmgren, and L. C. Barnett. 1990. Index Herbariorum. Part I: The herbaria of the world. New York Botanical Garden, New York, 693 p.Google Scholar
  6. Lima, M. P. M., R. R. Guedes-Bruni, L. S. Sylvestre, S. A. V. Pessoa and R. H. P. Andreata. 1997. Padrões de distribuição geográfica das espécies vasculares da Reserva Ecológica de Macaé de Cima. Pp. 103–123. In: Lima, H. C. and R. R. Guedes-Bruni (eds.) Serra de Macaé de Cima: diversidade florística e conservação em Mata Atlântica. Rio de Janeiro, Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  7. Moran, R. C. and A. R. Smith. 2001. Phytogeographic relationships between neotropical and African-Madagascan pteridophytes. Brittonia 53: 304–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mori, S. A., B. M. Boom, and G. T. Prance. 1981. Distribution patterns and conservation of Eastern Brazilian costal forest tree species. Brittonia 33: 233–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Sehnem, A. 1963. O gênero Asplenium nos Estados de Santa Catarina e Rio Grande do Sul. Sellowia 15: 9–37.Google Scholar
  10. Sehnem, A. 1968. Aspleniáceas. In: Reitz, R. (ed.) Flora Ilustrada Catarinense. Fasc. ASPL, Itajaí, Herb. Barbosa Rodrigues, p. 96 p. il.Google Scholar
  11. Sylvestre, L. S. 2001. Revisão das espécies da família Aspleniaceae A. B. Frank ocorrentes no Brasil. Tese de Doutorado. Instituto de Biociências. Universidade de Sâo Paulo, Sâo Paulo, Brazil. 575 p. il.Google Scholar
  12. Tryon, R. M. 1972. Endemic areas and geographic speciation in Tropical American ferns. Biotropica 4: 121–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Tryon, R., and Tryon, A. 1982. Ferns and allied plants with special reference to Tropical America. Spring-Verlag, New York, 857 p. il.Google Scholar
  14. Tryon, R. 1986. The biogeography of species, with special reference to ferns. Bot. Rev. 52: 117–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lana Da Silva Sylvestre
  • Paulo Günter Windisch

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations