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The Phenomenon of Loneliness and the Meta-Theory of Consciousness

  • Vladislav Borodulin
  • Alexei Vasiliev
Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume 60)

Abstract

We shall not demonstrate here a fact already demonstrated in piles of special investigations and the pages of fiction, the fact that old people do suffer from loneliness. It is perhaps even possible to use the term diagnostically. However, to treat loneliness therapeutically is to fail in a great number of cases, no matter how much warmth and love we give to our patients. In the rare cases of success we have to admit we have been dealing not with the loneliness itself, but with a clinical entity of a somewhat different kind that we are a bit more accustomed to cope with. When Erich Lindemann,1 for instance, discusses the treatment of acute grief syndrome, he doesn’t deal with loneliness even though his patients have just lost their intimates.

Keywords

Monumental Architecture Impenetrable Wall European Equivalent Existential Text Karl Jasper 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Erich Lindemann, “Sympotomatology and Management of Acute Grief”, American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 101, no. 2 (1944).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See a manual of Prof. Jerald Cory upon theory and practice of therapy.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Claudio Naranjo, Gestalt Therapy. The Attitude and Practice of an Atheoretical Experientalism ( Nevalda City, Calif., 1993 ).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    We are left alone, without excuse“. — Jean Paul Sartre, ”Existentialism is a Humanism“, in Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre (New York: Meridian Books, 1956), p. 295.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    See Ben Mijuskovic, Loneliness in Philosophy, Psychology and Literature ( The Netherlands: Assen, 1979 ).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    See Alex Fryszman, “Kierkegaardian Theory of Communication and Dialogical Thinking of Mikhail Bakhtin”, in Mikhail Bakhtin and the Prospectives of Human Sciences (Vitebsk, 1994), p. 31 (Russian). Cf. Soren Kierkegaards Papierer,ed. N. Thulstrup (Kobenhavn, 1968), VIII 2 B 70, and Soren Kierkegaards Samlede Verker,ed. P. P. Rohde, 6, p. 207.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    See our paper “Schizophrenia as the Problem of a Theory of Intersubjectivity” for the World Phenomenology Institute’s Second World Phenomenology Congress, Guadalajara, Mexico, Sept. 11–18, 1995. Analecta Husserliana,Vol. LII (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1998), pp. 475–482.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    There is a problem with Russian “smysl”. Its original meaning differs seriously from any European equivalents traditionally used. Ref. to Dr. Vadim Liapunov in his brilliant comments in his English version of Mikhail Bakhtin’s Toward a Philosophy of the Act (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1993).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Steven G. Neely, “The Absurd, the Self, the Future, My Death: A Reexamination of Sartre’s Views on Suicide”, Phenomenological Inquiry, Vol. 19 (Oct., 1995 ), p. 160.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Weisman, “Appropriate and Appropriated (Suicide) Death”, in Death: Current Perspectives (California, 1976), p. 502.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Toward a Philosophychrw(133)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Entweder-Oder“.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    See our “Meta-Theory of Consciousness and Psychiatric Practice”, Analecta Husserliana,Vol. XLVIII (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1996), pp. 319–328.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Refer to our Guadalajara paper, op. cit.,p. 477 ff. to consider mechanisms.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dr. Liapunov uses the term “individually responsible act” here. We are aware of his well-grounded position, but we stress the PROCESS, not a single ACT or a number of discrete acts.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Where word and world are the same, like Aristotle or, more recently, Tarski; “The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages”, in Logic, Semantics and Metamathematics (Oxford: 1956), p. 195.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Quintiliani Institutionis oratoriae libri,12th, ed. (Lipsiae: Rademacher, 1959), 2.14, 1–6.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    See Sartre’s Being and Nothingness (New York, 1956).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladislav Borodulin
    • 1
  • Alexei Vasiliev
    • 1
  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Laboratory for the Problems of ConsciousnessCONLABUSA

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