Going Beyond Bell’s Theorem

  • Daniel M. Greenberger
  • Michael A. Horne
  • Anton Zeilinger
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 37)


Bell’s Theorem proved that one cannot in general reproduce the results of quantum theory with a classical, deterministic local model. However, Einstein originally considered the case where one could define an “element of reality”, namely for the much simpler case where one could predict with certainty a definite outcome for an experiment For this simple case, Bell’s Theorem says nothing. But by using a slightly more complicated model than Bell, one can show that even in this simple case where one can make definite predictions, one still cannot generally introduce deterministic, local models to explain the results.


Quantum Theory Local Model Deterministic Model Physical Reality Hide Variable 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel M. Greenberger
    • 1
  • Michael A. Horne
    • 2
  • Anton Zeilinger
    • 3
  1. 1.City College of the City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Stonehill CollegeNorth EastonUSA
  3. 3.Atominstitut der Oesterreichischen UniversitaetenWienAustria

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