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Transformation of Chloroplast to Gerontoplast

  • Udaya C. Biswal
  • Basanti Biswal
  • Mukesh K. Raval
Chapter

Abstract

The term gerontoplast was first introduced by Sitte (1977) to define the unique features of the plastid formed during leaf senescence. The process of senescence brings about regulated dismantling of cellular organelles. The possible temporal pattern of degradation of different organelles of a green plant cell is shown in Fig. 58. Chloroplast shows the first sign of senescence induced degradation and is the last organelle to survive when other organelles are completely disorganized. The formation of gerontoplast from chloroplast during senescence involves extensive structural modifications of thylakoid membrane with the concomitant formation of a large number of plastoglobuli with lipophilic materials. The envelope of the plastid, however, remains intact.

Keywords

Thylakoid Membrane Leaf Senescence Manganese Stabilize Protein Thylakoid Lipid Senescence Related Gene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Udaya C. Biswal
    • 1
  • Basanti Biswal
    • 1
  • Mukesh K. Raval
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Life SciencesSambalpur UniversityOrissaIndia
  2. 2.P.G. Department of ChemistryRajendra CollegeOrissaIndia

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