Phytogeography of Northeast Asia

  • Hong Qian
  • Pavel Krestov
  • Pei-Yun Fu
  • Qing-Li Wang
  • Jong-Suk Song
  • Christine Chourmouzis
Part of the Geobotany book series (GEOB, volume 28)


Northeast Asia as defined in this study includes the Russian Far East, Northeast China, the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, and Hokkaido Island (Japan). We determined the species richness of Northeast Asia at various spatial scales, analyzed the floristic relationships among geographic regions within Northeast Asia, and compared the flora of Northeast Asia with surrounding floras. The flora of Northeast Asia consists of 971 genera and 4953 species of native vascular plants. Based on their worldwide distributions, the 971 genera were grouped into fourteen phytogeographic elements. Over 900 species of vascular plants are endemic to Northeast Asia. Northeast Asia shares 39% of its species with eastern Siberia-Mongolia, 24% with Europe, 16.2% with western North America, and 12.4% with eastern North America. Species richness and floristic relationships among different regions within Northeast Asia were discussed. The northernmost (Arctic) region shares 64% of its genera and 9% of its species with the southernmost (warm temperate) region. The geographic setting, climate, vegetation, and endemism of each of the eighteen regions of Northeast Asia were described and characterized. The geographic distributions of the 53 most important tree species in Northeast Asia were mapped.

Key words

affinity biogeography China floristics Japan Korea Russia similarity species richness 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong Qian
    • 1
  • Pavel Krestov
    • 2
  • Pei-Yun Fu
    • 3
  • Qing-Li Wang
    • 3
  • Jong-Suk Song
    • 4
  • Christine Chourmouzis
    • 5
  1. 1.Research and Collections CenterIllinois State MuseumSpringfieldUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Biology and Soil ScienceRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Applied EcologyChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina
  4. 4.Department of Biological Science, College of Natural SciencesAndong National UniversityAndongKorea
  5. 5.Department of Forest SciencesUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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