# The Varieties of Information and Scientific Explanation

## Abstract

The concept of information seems to be strangely neglected by epistemologists and philosophers of language. In many everyday situations, knowledge and information are nearly exchangeable terms; yet for every score of books with the phrase “theory of knowledge” in their titles there scarcely exists a single paper by a logician or philosopher dealing with the theory of information.^{1} Again, the information that a sentence yields or can yield might very well seem to an ordinary man much more important than the so-called meanings of the terms it contains, or even the meaning of the sentence itself. Yet, with but few exceptions, philosophers of language have not devoted more than a vanishingly small part of their efforts to the theory of information as compared with the theory of meaning. Why this should be so, I do not know. Perhaps the fact that mathematicians and communication theorists largely succeeded in appropriating the term “information” for their special purposes a couple of decades ago has something to do with this.^{2} I also suspect that it is much harder to talk persuasive nonsense about the quantitative concept of information than of the qualitative notions of knowledge and meaning. Be this as it may, the neglect is a regrettable one. In this paper, I shall try to call philosophers’ attention to a few possibilities of correcting it. I have already tried to do so in some earlier papers ^{3}; the present one is partly a sequel to them and partly a new enterprise.

## Keywords

Subject Matter Semantic Information Scientific Discovery Scientific Explanation Inductive Logic## Preview

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