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CLIVAR/GCOS/WMO Workshop on Indices and Indicators for Climate Extremes Workshop Summary

  • Thomas R. Karl
  • Neville Nicholls
  • Anver Ghazi
Chapter

Abstract

There is general agreement that changes in the frequency or intensity of extreme weather and climate events are likely to have profound impacts on society and the environment (Karl et al., 1997). A Workshop on Indices and Indicators for Climate Extremes was held in Asheville, North Carolina, 3–6 June 1997, to encourage the development of data sets, and analysis techniques, to determine whether such extreme events are becoming more extreme or variable. Over 100 participants, from 23 countries, including representatives from 15 insurance and re-insurance countries (which have a clear interest in extreme weather and climate), examined the following questions:
  • What needs to be done to improve data sets and analyses for extreme weather monitoring?

  • Can we establish priorities for specific data set development and improvement?

  • Can we establish indices and indicators of extreme weather and climate?

  • What are the impediments to improving the monitoring of climate extremes?

Keywords

Tropical Cyclone Climate Extreme Tropical Cyclone Activity Extreme Rainfall Event Daily Weather Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. CLIVAR Scientific Steering Group: 1995, ‘CLIVAR. A study of climate variability and predictability’, MO TD No. 690, August, 157 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Karl, T. R., Nicholls, N. and Gregory, J.: 1997, ‘The coming climate’, Scientific American, May, 54–59.Google Scholar
  3. Kattenberg, A., Giorgi, F., Grassl, H., Meehl, G.A., Mitchell, J.F.B., Stouffer, R.J., Tokioka, T., Weaver, A.J., and Wigley, T.M.L.: 1996. Climate models — projections of future climate: In Climate Change 1995. The Science of Climate Change: Contribution of Working Group I to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Houghton, J.T., Meira Filho, L.G., Callander, B.A., Harris, N., Kattenberg, A., and Maskell, K., eds., 285357. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 572 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Nicholls, N., Gruza, G.V., Jouzel, J., Karl, T.R., Ogallo, L.A., and Parker, D.E., 1996. Observed climate variability and change. In Climate Change 1995. The Science of Climate Change: Contribution of Working Group I to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Houghton, J.T., Meira Filho, L.G., Callander, B.A., Harris, N., Kattenberg, A., and Maskell, K., eds., 133–192. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 572 PPGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas R. Karl
    • 1
  • Neville Nicholls
    • 2
  • Anver Ghazi
    • 3
  1. 1.National Climatic Data CenterAshevilleUSA
  2. 2.Bureau of Meteorology Research CenterMelbourne VicAustralia
  3. 3.European CommissionBrusselsBelgium

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