Role of vegetation in the life cycle of pike
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The considerable importance of vegetation in the reproduction and early life of pike, Esox lucius, has long been recognized. The Swiss naturalist Gesner (1558, in Buss, 1961b) postulated that “pickerel weed and other glutinous matter in ponds when helped by the sun developed into pike”, and the 16th century writers on pond-fish culture clearly stated that pike spawn in weeds and shallows earlier in the season than the other fish of their ponds (Hoffmann, 1987).
KeywordsAquatic Macrophyte Aquatic Vegetation Submerged Vegetation Ceratophyllum Demersum Free Embryo
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