Marine Pelagic Cyanobacteria: Trichodesmium and other Diazotrophs pp 177-191

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 362)

Discoloured Waters in the Melanesian Archipelago (New Caledonia and Vanuatu). The Value of the Nimbus-7 Coastal Zone Colour Scanner Observations

  • C. Dupouy


Final conclusions are given to the study of discoloured waters as they can be observed with the NIMBUS-7 Coastal Zone Colour Scanner (CZCS) in the oligotrophic waters of the southwestern tropical Pacific, in the Melanesian archipelago, around New Caledonia, Vanuatu (and Tonga). An attempt was made to define, in the four CZCS channels, the reflectance properties of these blooms attributed to Trichodesmium, a nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium commonly found in that region. The capacity and limitations of the CZCS sensor used in the past as well as the SPOT imager are discussed in this respect. The usefulness of past and future ocean colour satellites in identifying zones of high chlorophyll concentration and bright linear patterns is demonstrated.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. André, J.M., and Morel, A. (1991) ‘Atmospheric corrections and interpretation of marine radiances in CZCS imagery, revisited’, Oceanol. Acta, 14, 1, 3–22.Google Scholar
  2. Asaoka, O., and Marumo, R. (1987) ‘An ecological study of the marine planktonic blue-green algae, Trichodesmium (I) — Occurrence of Trichodesmium in various regions’, The Oceanographical Magazine, 37, 1-2, 1–14.Google Scholar
  3. Baas-Becking, L.G.M. (1951) ‘Notes on some Cyanobacteria of the Pacific Region’, Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie Van Wetenschappen C., 54, 213–214.Google Scholar
  4. Blanchot, J., Le Borgne, R., Le Bouteiller, A., and Radenac, M.H. (1988) ‘Rapport de la campagne PROPPAC 02 du N/O Coriolis. 27 mars — 27 avril 1988’ Rapp. de Miss. Sciences de la Mer, Océanographie, ORSTOM, Nouméa.Google Scholar
  5. Blanchot, J., Rodier, M., Le Bouteiller, A. (1991) ‘El Nino Southern Oscillation events on the distribution and abundance of phytoplankton in the Western Pacific Tropical Ocean along 165°E’, J. Plankt. Res. (in press).Google Scholar
  6. Borstad, G.A., Gower, J.F.R., Carpenter, E.J., and Rueter, J.G. (1989) ‘Developments of algorithms for remote sensing of marine Trichodesmium’, Proceedings of the International Geosciences and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS 89, Vancouver’.Google Scholar
  7. Bowman, T.E., and Lancaster, L.J. (1965) ‘A bloom of the planktonic blue-green alga, Trichodesmium erythraeum, in the Tonga Islands’, Limnol. Oceanogr. 10, 2, 291–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bricaud, A., Morel, A., and Prieur, L. (1981) ‘Absorption of dissolved organic matter of the sea (“yellow substances”) in the UV and visible domain’, Limnol. Oceanogr. 26, 43–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bricaud, A., and Morel, A. (1987) ‘Atmospheric corrections and interpretation of marine radiance in CZCS imagery: use of a reflectance model’, Oceanol. Acta, Actes du Colloque Océanographie Spatiale, Brest, 19–20 novembre 1985, 33–50.Google Scholar
  10. Capone, D.G., and Carpenter, E.J. (1982) ‘Nitrogen fixation in the marine environment’ Science, 217, 1140–1142.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carder, K.L., Steward, R.G., Harvey, G.R., and Ortner, P.B. (1989) ‘Marine humic and fulvic acids: their effects on remote sensing of ocean chlorophyll’ Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1, 68–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Carpenter, E.J. (1983) ‘Nitrogen fixation by marine Oscillatoria (Trichodesmium) in the world’s ocean’, In E. J. Carpenter and D.G. Capone (Eds.), Nitrogen in the marine environment, Academic Press pp. 65-103.Google Scholar
  13. Creagh, S. (1985) ‘Review of literature concerning blue-green algae of the genus Trichodesmium’ Report of the Department of Conservation and Environment, Perth, W. Austr., 33 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Dandonneau, Y., and Gohin, F. (1984) ‘Meridional and seasonal variations of the sea surface chlorophyll concentration in the southwestern tropical Pacific (14 to 32°S, 160 to 175°E)’ Deep-Sea Res. 31, 12, 1377–1393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Davis, C.O. (1987) ‘Future U.S. Ocean color missions — OCI, MODIS and HIRIS’, NASA report, 13 p.Google Scholar
  16. Deschamps, P.Y. and Viollier, M. (1987) ‘Algorithms for ocean colour from space and application to CZCS data’, Adv. Space Res. 7, 2, 11–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Desrosieres, R., (1969) ‘Surface macroplankton of the Pacific ocean along the equator’ Limnol. Oceanogr. 14, 4, 626–632.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Desrosieres, R., (1975) ‘Quelques observations sur le phytoplancton océanique des abords de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (Océan pacifique Sud Ouest)’ Norw. J. Bot. 22, 195–222.Google Scholar
  19. Dessier, A. (1988) ‘Les peuplements de copépodes épiplanctoniques du Pacifique Sud Ouest. Composition, variabilité’ Oceanol. Acta 11, 3, 249–258.Google Scholar
  20. Dupouy, C., and Demarcq, H. (1987) ‘CZCS as an aid for understanding modalities of phytoplankton productivity during upwelling off Senegal’ Adv. Space Res. 7, 2, 63–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Dupouy, C., Dandonneau, Y. and Petit M. (1988) ‘Satellite detected cyanobacteria bloom in the southwestern tropical Pacific. Implication for nitrogen fixation’ Int. J. of Rem. Sens. 8, 3, 389–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Dupouy, C. (1990a)’ sea surface chlorophyll concentration in the South Western Tropical Pacific, as seen from NIMBUS Coastal Zone Color Scanner from 1979 to 1984 (New Caledonia and Vanuatu)’ Proceedings of the Western Pacific International Meeting on TOGA and Workshop on TOGA COARE, Centre ORSTOM de Noumea, New Caledonia, May 24–30, 803-809.Google Scholar
  23. Dupouy, C. (1990b) ‘La chlorophylle de surface observée par le satellite NIMBUS dans une zone d’archipel (Nouvelle Calédonie et Vanuatu). Une première analyse’ Bull, de l’Institut Océanographique, Monaco, no spécial 6, 125–148.Google Scholar
  24. Galat, D.L., and Verdin, J.P. (1989) ‘Patchiness, collapse and succession of a cyanobacterial bloom evaluated by synoptic sampling and remote sensing’ J. Plankt. Res. 11, no 5, 925–948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gausman, H.W. (1974) ‘Leaf reflectance of near-infrared’ Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 40, 183–191.Google Scholar
  26. Gordon, H.R., Clark, D.K., and Brown, J.W. (1983) ‘Phytoplancton pigment concentrations in the Middle Atlantic Bight: comparison of ship determinations and CZCS estimates’ Appl. Opt. 22, 1, 20–36.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hallegraef, G.M., and Reid, D.D. (1986) ‘Phytoplankton species succession and their hydrological environment at a coastal station off Sydney’ Austr. J. Mar. Freshw. Res. 37, 361–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Haxo, F.T., Lewin, R.A., Lee, K.W., and Ming-Ren L. (1987) ‘Fine structure and pigments of Oscillatoria (Trichodesmium) aff. thiebautii (Cyanophyta) in culture Phycologia, 26, 4, 443–456.Google Scholar
  29. Holligan, P., Viollier, M., Harbour, D.S., Camus, P., and Champagne-Philippe, M. (1983) ‘Satellite and ship studies of coccolithophore production along a continental shelf edge. Nature, Lond. 304, 339–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Horstmann, U., Ulbricht, K.A., and Schmidt, D. (1978) ‘Detection of eutrophication processes from air and space’ Int. Symp. Rem. Sen. Env. 12, 1379–1389.Google Scholar
  31. Hovis, W.A., Clark, D.K., Anderson, F., Austin, R.W., Wilson, W.H., Baker, E.T., Ball, D., Gordon, H.R., Mueller, J.L., El-Sayed, S.Z., Sturm, B., Wrigley, R.C., and Yentsch, C.S. (1980) ‘Nimbus-7 CZCS: system description and initial imagery’ Science, 210, 60–63.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jones, G.B., Thomas, F.G., and Burdon-Jones, C. (1986) ‘Influence of Trichodesmium blooms on cadmium and iron speciation in Great Barrier Reef lagoon waters’ Estuar. Coast. and Shelf Sci. 23, 387–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kuchler, D., and Jupp, D. L. B. (1988). Shuttle photograph captures massive phytoplankton bloom in the Great Barrier Reef. Int. J Rem. Sens. 9, 8, 1299–1301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Le Borgne, R., (1986) ‘Programme PROCAL. III — Campagnes “Préfil”, “Uitoe”, “Mare” et “Ondimar” (zooplancton et micronecton)’ Document ORSTOM, 154 pp.Google Scholar
  35. Le Bouteiller, A., Blanchot, J., and Rodier, M. (1991)’ size distribution pattern of phytoplankton in the Western Pacific: towards a generalization for the tropical open ocean’ Deep-Sea Research, in press).Google Scholar
  36. Le Fevre, J., Viollier, M., Le Corre, P., Dupouy, C. and Grall, J.R. (1983) ‘Remote sensing observations of biological material by Landsat along a tidal thermal front and their relevancy to the available field data’ Est. Coast. Shelf Sci. 16, 37–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lemasson, L. and Cremoux, J.L. (1985) ‘Programme “PROCAL”. 1. Croisières “PREFIL” 1 à 10. N/O Coriolis’ Document ORSTOM, 175 pp.Google Scholar
  38. Lewis, MR., Ulloa, O., and Platt, T. (1988) ‘Photosynthetic action, absorption, and quantum yield spectra for a natural population of Oscillatoria in the North Atlantic’ Limnol. Oceanogr. 33, 1, 92–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mague, T.H., Weare, N.M., Holm Hansen, O. (1974) ‘Nitrogen fixation in the North Pacific Ocean’ Mar. Biol. 24, 109–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mague, T.H., Mague, F.C., and Holm-Hansen, O. (1977) ‘Physiology and chemical composition of nitrogen-fixing phytoplankton in the Central North Pacific Ocean’ Mar. Biol. 41, 213–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Marumo R., and Asaoka, O. (1974) ‘Trichodesmium in the East China Sea’ J. Ocean. Soc. of Japan 30, 298–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Marumo, R., and Asaoka, O. (1974) ‘Distribution of the pelagic blue-green algae in the North Pacific Ocean’ J. Ocean. Soc. of Japan 30, 77–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Morel, A. (1980) ‘In-water and remote measurements of ocean color’ Boundary-Layer Meteor. 18, 177–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ohki, K., Rueter, J.G., and Fujita, Y. (1986) ‘Cultures of the pelagic cyanophytes Trichodesmium erythraeum and Trichodesmium thiebautii in synthetic medium’ Mar. Biol. 91, 9–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Petit, M., and Hazane, P. (1983) ‘Radiométrie aérienne et prospection thonière’ Rapport ORSTOM, Nouméa, 80 pp.Google Scholar
  46. Petit, M., and Gohin, F. (1982) ‘Radiométrie aérienne et prospection thonière’ Rapport de Convention ORSTOM Nouméa, 94 pp.Google Scholar
  47. Revelante, N., and Gilmartin, M. (1982) ‘Dynamics of phytoplankton in the Great Barrier Reef Lagoon’ J. Plankt. Res. 4, 47–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Rotschi, H., and Lemasson, L. (1967) ‘Oceanography of the Coral Sea and Tasman sea’ Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 5, 49–97.Google Scholar
  49. Sournia, A. (1968) ‘La cyanophycée Oscillatoria (=Trichodesmium) dans le plancton marin’ Nova Hedwigia 15, 1–12Google Scholar
  50. Sournia, A. (1970) ‘Les cyanophycées dans le plancton marin’ L’Année Biologique 9, 63–76.Google Scholar
  51. Subramanian, A., (1990) ‘Blooms of the pelagic cyanobacterium Trichodesmium: detection with CZCS imagery’ Report of the NASA Planetary Biologist Program.Google Scholar
  52. Viollier, M., Tanre, D., and Deschamps, P.Y. (1980) ‘An algorithm for remote sensing of water color from space’ Boundary-Layer Meteor. 18, 247–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Viollier, M., and Belbeoch, G. (1984) ‘Displaying CZCS data in “true colour” mode. ERIM Symposium Paris (canaux 1,2 et 4)’ Environmental Researsh Institute of Michigan Symposium held in Paris (Michigan: ERIM), 1727-1729.Google Scholar
  54. Viollier, M., and Sturm, B. (1984) ‘CZCS data analysis in turbid coastal waters’ J. Geoph. Res. 89, D4, 4977–4985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Viollier, Sournia A., Birrien, J.L., Chretiennot-Dinet, T. M., Le Borgne, P., Le Corre, P., Morin, P., and Olry, J.P., (Grepma Group) (1988) ‘Satellite (AVHRR/N0AA9) and ship studies of a coccolithophorid bloom in the Western English Channel’ Marine Nature 1, 1, 1–14.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Dupouy
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre ORSTOM de NoumeaNew Caledonia

Personalised recommendations