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Communism VS. Nationalism: The Chinese Communist Party and Soviet Regimes (1921–1945)

  • William L. Tung

Abstract

The Russian Revolution and the sympathetic attitude of the Soviet Union toward China created a favorable impression among the Chinese intellectuals, who, thoroughly dissatisfied with the existing conditions of the country, had searched diligently for new principles and programs for national salvation. While the Nationalist Party under the leadership of Dr. Sun Yat-sen had a large following, it did not attract many radicals to its camp. Among the radicals, Ch’en Tu-hsiu, a professor at Peking University, was the leading figure. In 1915, he had issued a periodical under the name New Youth (Hsin Ch’ing Nien), in which he advocated cultural re-evaluation. This re-evaluation would be a critical testing of both the traditional standards of the Chinese and the new ideas of the West. His colleague, Li Ta-tsao (Li Ta-chao), was one of his chief contributors. It was under Li’s guidance that Marxist study groups were formed at Peking University in the spring of 1918. This was about a year before the meeting of the First World Congress of the Communist International in Moscow and the May Fourth demonstrations, which were led by the patriotic and progressive students in Peking. While this student movement was not organized by the Communists, it had accelerated the spread of revolutionary ideas in China.1

Keywords

Communist Party Chinese Communist Party National Minority Soviet Regime Unite Front 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • William L. Tung
    • 1
  1. 1.Queens CollegeCity University of New YorkUSA

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