Split Between the North and the South: Political Institutions During the Period of Internal Dissensions

  • William L. Tung


Prior to his death, Yuan Shih-k’ai willed that Vice President Li Yüan-hung be the Acting President in accordance with Article 29 of the Constitutional Compact. The succession of Li to the Presidency had been advocated by the anti-Yüan forces, but they insisted that such a step should be based on the Provisional Constitution.1 It will be seen that Dr. Sun and his followers had persistently upheld the validity of the Provisional Constitution of 1912 throughout the period of internal dissensions between the North and the South. On the other hand, Premier Tuan Ch’i-jui maintained that since the Provisional Constitution had long been abrogated, it could not be legally restored simply by a government decree.2 After much discussion, the views of the South finally prevailed. On June 29, 1917, President Li proclaimed the formal restoration of the Provisional Constitution, the Presidential Election Law of 1913 and the first Parliament, which should be reconvened beginning with August 1, 1917. Satisfied with Li’s measures, the Military Council in the South dissolved itself on July 14 and the nation was thus reunited.


Presidential Election Chief Executive Nationalist Party Government Decree Provisional Constitution 
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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • William L. Tung
    • 1
  1. 1.Queens CollegeCity University of New YorkUSA

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