Diptera (Two-Winged or True Flies)

  • O. W. Richards
  • R. G. Davies


Insects with a single pair of membranous wings, the hind pair modified into halteres. Mouthparts suctorial, usually forming a proboscis and sometimes adapted for piercing: mandibles rarely present: labium usually distally expanded into a pair of fleshy lobes. Prothorax and metathorax small and fused with the large mesothorax: tarsi commonly 5-segmented. Metamorphosis complete, larvae eruciform and apodous, frequently with the head reduced and retracted: tracheal system variable, most often amphipneustic, pupa either free or enclosed in the hardened larval cuticle or puparium, adecticous, primitively obtect but in higher forms exarate: wing-tracheation reduced.


Ventral Sucker Abdominal Segment Discal Cell Antennal Segment Abdominal Tergite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© O. W. Richards and R. G. Davies 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. W. Richards
    • 1
  • R. G. Davies
    • 1
  1. 1.Imperial CollegeUniversity of LondonUK

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