Differential behaviour and shifts in genotype composition during the beginning of a seasonal period of diel vertical migration

  • Piet Spaak
  • Joop Ringelberg
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 126)


During the first few weeks of a recurring seasonal period of diel vertical migration in Lake Maarsseveen (The Netherlands), part of the hybrid Daphnia galeata × hyalina population migrated, while another part remained in the epilimnion. In the epilimnion, 0+ perch prey upon daphnids during daytime. Gradually, the number of adult Daphnia in the epilimnion decrease until the epilimnion is nearly devoid of daphnids. The population as a whole may decrease, as in 1991, or may increase as in 1992. Genotype composition, as determined by allozyme analysis, changed substantially within a fortnight in 1992, and one genotype became dominant. Our data are in agreement with the hypothesis that predation on different genotypes (clones) occurs during the beginning of a seasonal period of diel vertical migration, though our data do not allow to exclude alternative explanations.

Key words

Daphnia 0+ perch genotypes selective predation allozyme analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Piet Spaak
    • 1
  • Joop Ringelberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of LimnologyEAWAG/ETHDübendorfSwitzerland
  2. 2.Netherlands Institute of EcologyCentre for Limnology and University of AmsterdamNieuwersluisThe Netherlands

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