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What Do Students Know? Facing Challenges of Distance, Context, and Desire in Trying to Hear Children

  • Deborah Loewenberg Ball
Part of the Springer International Handbooks of Education book series (SIHE, volume 3)

Abstract

No task is more fundamental to teaching than figuring out what students are learning. Paradoxically, no endeavour is more difficult. In his well-known sociological analysis of teachers and teaching, Lortie (1975) found that questions about the assessment of student learning evoked significant emotional response from teachers. Although the teachers whom he interviewed believed that good teachers inform their practice by closely monitoring students, many despaired of really knowing about the effects of their teaching.

Keywords

Pedagogical Content Knowledge Native Speaker Teacher College Curriculum Material Student Thinking 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deborah Loewenberg Ball
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MichiganUSA

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