John Dewey’s Teaching Methods in the Discussion on German-Language Kindergartens — A Case of Non-Perception?

  • Barbara Sörensen Criblez

Abstract

At the beginning of the 20th century, German-language kindergartens were completely overshadowed by Friedrich Froebel’s tradition. The search for new forms of teaching started mainly by taking over the body of thinking developed by teaching reformers. John Dewey’s work was only accorded marginal examination. The person who got to grips most intensively with John Dewey and the American tradition of kindergarten teaching during the first half of the 20th century is Emmy Walser, one of the leading personalities in the kindergarten movement in Switzerland. As a result, the “free working method” developed in Switzerland as the new method. Dewey’s educational philosophy was reduced to the methodology of the free working method which had the effect of giving new life to Froebel’s ideas.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Dewey, J.: 1899–1901, ‘Essays on School and Society’, in J.A. Boydston (ed.), The Middle Works of John Dewey 1899–1924, Vol. 1, arbondale/Edwardsville, pp. 57–66.Google Scholar
  2. Dewey, J.: 1899–1901, ‘Fröbels Educational Principles’, in J.A. Boydston (ed.), The Middle Works of John Dewey 1899–1924, Vol. 1, arbondale/Edwardsville, pp. 81–91.Google Scholar
  3. Dewey, J.: 1993, in J. Oelkers (ed.) (Transl. E. Hylla), Demokratie und Erziehung, Weinheim and Basle.Google Scholar
  4. Droescher, L.: 1924, ‘Die Pflege der Schaffenslust und Schönheitspflege des Kleinkindes’, in Der Schweizerische Kindergarten, Basle, pp. 18–22,31–34,47–49.Google Scholar
  5. Froebel, F.: 1996, ‘Die Menschenerziehung’, in W. Lange (ed.), Ideen Friedrich Fröbels über die Menschenerziehung und Aufsätze verschiedenen Inhalts (New print of the edition 1863), Osnabrück.Google Scholar
  6. Gilomen, R. and Ritter, V.: 1970, Der Kindergarten. Eine soziologische nalyse des Schweizerischen Kindergartenwesens, Bern.Google Scholar
  7. Leber, E.: 1924, ‘Einiges über die englischen Kleinkinderschulen’, in Der Schweizerische Kindergarten,Basle, pp. 105–108.Google Scholar
  8. Oelkers, J.: 1993, ‘Dewey in Deutschland — ein Missverständnis’, in J. Oelkers (ed.) (Transl. E.Hyllas), John Dewey, Demokratie und Erziehung, Weinheim and Basle, pp. 497–517.Google Scholar
  9. Perhauz, M.: 1912, ‘Die Pflege des kindlichen Tätigkeitstriebes in Haus, Kindergarten und Schule’,in Der Schweizerische Kindergarten,Basle, pp. 1–6, 15–17.Google Scholar
  10. Strnad, E.: 1929, ‘Zum Programm unserer Zeitschrift’, in Kindergarten,Leipzig, pp. 189–192.Google Scholar
  11. Walser, E.: 1926, ‘Der Kindergarten in Amerika’, in Der Schweizerische Kindergarten, Basle, pp. 1–3.Google Scholar
  12. Walser, E.: 1926, ‘Noch einmal Amerika’, in Der Schweizerische Kindergarten,Basle, pp. 108–110.Google Scholar
  13. Walser, E.: 1939, Kinder und Kindergärten, Basle.Google Scholar
  14. Walser, E.: 1943, ‘Über die heutige freie Kindergartenführung’, in Der Schweizerische Kindergarten, Basle, pp. 4–8.Google Scholar
  15. Walser, E.: 1951, ‘Kindergarten’, in H. Kleinert, H. Stuck, R. Dottrens, C. Günther, P. Schmid et al. (eds.), Lexikon der Pädagogik, Bern.Google Scholar
  16. Wilhelm, Th.: 1975, ‘Pragmatische Pädagogik’, in Th. Ellwein et al. (eds.), Erziehungswissenschaftliches Handbuch, Vol. IV, Berlin, pp. 147–204.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Sörensen Criblez
    • 1
  1. 1.Aarhaldenstraße 26WabernSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations