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Long-Term Solutions to Managing Nuclear Waste in The Russian Federation

Chapter
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (ASDT, volume 29)

Abstract

The paper deals with some approaches to long-term solutions to managing radioactive wastes (RW) and spent nuclear fuel (SNF) volumes that have been accumulated by enterprises of the Russian Federation (RF) Minatom and RF Ministry of Defence. Short descriptions of the RW and SNF management practices are presented. The paper considers the principle of trend management of high-level waste (HLW), including the separation of fractions containing short-, intermediate-, and long-lived radionuclides; their conversion to stable matrices; and separate disposal of the matrices taking into account safety precautions for the repositories located at various depths and in different geological conditions. The paper also discusses some directions for future work in the fields of novel matrix material development and geophysical-geological research for site selection and characterisation.

Keywords

Radioactive Waste Spend Nuclear Fuel Spend Nuclear Fuel Radioactive Waste Closing Stage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy and Geochemistry (IGEM)Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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