Long-Term Solutions to Managing Nuclear Waste in The Russian Federation

Part of the NATO Science Series book series (ASDT, volume 29)


The paper deals with some approaches to long-term solutions to managing radioactive wastes (RW) and spent nuclear fuel (SNF) volumes that have been accumulated by enterprises of the Russian Federation (RF) Minatom and RF Ministry of Defence. Short descriptions of the RW and SNF management practices are presented. The paper considers the principle of trend management of high-level waste (HLW), including the separation of fractions containing short-, intermediate-, and long-lived radionuclides; their conversion to stable matrices; and separate disposal of the matrices taking into account safety precautions for the repositories located at various depths and in different geological conditions. The paper also discusses some directions for future work in the fields of novel matrix material development and geophysical-geological research for site selection and characterisation.


Radioactive Waste Spend Nuclear Fuel Spend Nuclear Fuel Radioactive Waste Closing Stage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Schneider, L.R., Herzog, Ch., and Liebscher, B. (1998) Aspects of radioactive waste storage and final disposal in Russia, Proc. Int. Conf. on Rad. Waste Disp., Hamburg, Germany, 58–63.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mikhailov, V.N. (1998) Scientific policy of the MINATOM of Russia, Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk 2, 116–131 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Laverov, N.P., Velichkin, V.I., Melnikov, N.N., Myasoedov, B.F. (1998) Geological Aspects of Radioactive Waste (RW) and Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Managements in Decommissioning of Nuclear Submarines (NS) — in print.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Laverov, N.P., Velichkin, V.I., Omelianenko, B.I. (1998) The closing stage of nuclear fuel cycle: A look from Russia, Proc. of Int. Seminar New Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycles and Related Disposal Schemes, VNIIEF, Sarov, 32–37.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rybalchenko, A.I., Pimenov, M.K., Kostin, P.P. et al. (1994) Deep Disposal of Liquid Radioactive Wastes, IzdAT Publishers, Moscow, (in Russian).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Drozhko, E.G., Suslov, A.P., Fetisov, V.I. et al. (1993) Basic directions and problems of radioactive waste management program in the “Mayak” Production Association, Chelyabinsk, Russia, Proc. Int. Conf on Nucl. Waste Man. and Envir. Remed. 2, Prague, Czech Republic, 17–20.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dzekun, E.G., Glagolenko, Y.V., Drozhko, E.G. et al. (1996) Industrial-scale plant for HLW partitioning in Russia, Proc. Int. Top. Meet, on Nucl. and Hazard Waste Man., Seattle, USA, 2138–2139.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Egorov, N.N. (1997) The state-of-the-art of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel management in Russia, Voprosy Radiatsionnoi Bezopasnosti 4, 3–8 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Laverov, N.P., Velichkin, V.I., Petrov, V.A., Tarasov, N.N., Poluektov, V.V. (1998) The principal aspects of geological investigations for deep disposal of HLW in crystalline massifs in the Russian Federation, Proc. Int. Conf. on Rad. Waste Disp., Hamburg, Germany, 82–87.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Laverov, N.P., Omelianenko, B.I., Iodintsev, S.V., Nikonov, B.S., Sobolev, I.A, Stefanovsky, S.V. (1997) Mineralogy and geochemistry of sealing matrices for high-level wastes, Geologiya Rudnykh Mestorozhdeniy 3, 211–228 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Melnikov, N.N., Konukhin, V.P., Komlev, V.N. (1994) Underground Disposal of Radioactive Wastes, Apatity Publishing, (in Russian).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zotov, AV., Levin, K.A., Omelianenko, B.I. et al. (1996) Interaction of alumophosphate glass with water under high temperature, Geokhimiya 9,891–904 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ringwood, A.E., Kesson, S.E., Reeve, K.D. et al. (1988) Synrock, Radioactive waste forms for the future, Elsevier Sci. Puhl., 233–334.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jostons, A., Vance, E.R., Mercer, D.J., and Oversby, V.M. (1995) Synrock for immobilization of excess weapon plutonium, Int. Symp. on Sci. Basis for Nucl. Waste Man., Kyoto, Japan, 775–781.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy and Geochemistry (IGEM)Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations