Hunting and Its Benefits: an Overview of Hunting in Africa with Special Reference to Tanzania

  • Robin Hurt
  • Pauline Ravn
Part of the Conservation Biology Series book series (COBI, volume 12)

Summary

This chapter presents an overview of hunting in Africa today. A comparison is given of the various hunting destinations and their comparative costs. Tanzania is the most satisfactory destination by most criteria but it is comparatively expensive, while South Africa is the cheapest, busiest (4,500 clients annually) and most accessible. Wildlife is plentiful in some country locations but is being poached mercilessly in others. Only through effective regulation will it be preserved and turned to the benefit of the countries and their communities. If local communities and landowners on whose land wildlife feeds do not benefit from wildlife, they will not conserve it. Tanzania is used as an example of the potential benefits to be gained from safari hunting because of the authors particular experience of that country. The Cullman Wildlife Project, a community based wildlife utilization scheme in Tanzania which is sponsored by donations from hunters, is described and the benefits to the communities outlined. This model can be applied elsewhere and has many of the features of the CAMPFIRE Project in Zimbabwe and the Madikwa Game Reserve in South Africa. Quotas and quota setting are critical to the maintenance of wildlife populations on government and communal lands. A case is made for lifting the hunting ban in Kenya and re-introducing safari hunting, and possible charges and potential earnings are presented.

Key Words

safari hunting wildlife utilization poaching community participation regulation of hunting comparison of fees hunting concessions Cullman Wildlife Project quota setting hunting bans 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Child, B. (2000). Making Wildlife Pay: Converting Wildlife’s Comparative Advantage into Real Incentives for Having Wildlife in African Savannas, Case Studies from Zimbabwe and Zambia. In: H.H.T. Prins et al. (ed.) Wildlife Conservation by Sustainable Use, p. 335–388, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Child, B. (2000). Application of the Southern African Experience to Wildlife Utilization and Conservation in Kenya and Tanzania. In: H.H.T. Prins et al. (ed.) Wildlife Conservation by Sustainable Use, p. 459–468, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Davies, R. (2000). Madikwa Game Reserve: A Partnership in Conservation. In: H.H.T. Prins et al. (ed.) Wildlife Conservation by Sustainable Use, p. 439–458, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hearne, J. and M. McKenzie. (2000). Compelling Reasons for Game Ranching in Maputaland. In: H.H.T. Prins et al. (ed.) Wildlife Conservation by Sustainable Use, p. 417–438, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Leader-Williams, N. (2000). The Effects of a Century of Policy and Legal Change on Wildlife Conservation and Utilisation in Tanzania. In: H.H.T. Prins et al. (ed.) Wildlife Conservation by Sustainable Use, p. 219–246, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robin Hurt
    • 1
  • Pauline Ravn
    • 1
  1. 1.Robin Hurt Safaris LtdNairobiKenya

Personalised recommendations