The Main Literary Trends after 1941
In the middle of the Second World War, in the autumn of 1941, Ridā Shāh Pahlavī was obliged to abdicate in favour of his son, Muhammad Riḍā (p. 359). Immediately after this the territory of Iran was occupied by British and Soviet armed forces; the occupation, however, had a very different character from that of the First World War, so that in cultural life too democratic tendencies soon began to make themselves felt. New world-orientated branches of science were cultivated; the number of translations from western literature increased; Persian literary production broadened its horizons and obtained greater opportunities for publication, thanks to the better organisation of the publishing trade; and later, when all literary output was systematically documented, the situation was ripe for the appearance of the synoptical surveys and literary evaluations that now flowed from the pens of those engaged in the study of literature. The numerous reviews and periodicals were not confined solely to the literary field; the specific problems of every domain of cultural activity, even the youngest — cinematography, for instance — were catered for in special magazines.
KeywordsShort Story Book Market Chief Editor Lyrical Poetry Literary Life
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