Brief Survey of the Economico-Political Situation in Iran After 1896
It has already been explained in the preceding sections how the policies of the second Qajar, ‹Fath-Alī-Shāh, which totally lacked the broader conceptions of statesmanship and clung to the empty show of oriental pomp, opened the door to European capital and also to a change in the feudal economy such as it had so far existed. The rivalry of British and Russian imperialism throughout the 19th century accelerated this process, during which the first signs of a modernisation of Iranian life made their appearance, notably a few of the technical advantages of European civilisation, and an occasional waft of western thought. Later Nāṣiru›d-dīn supported the trend by introducing various reforms and European novelties — such as official newspapers, high-school education of a polytechnic character with European teachers, travel grants for studies in Europe, and so on — but he could no longer set limits to the trends he himself had helped to initiate.
KeywordsEuropean Capital Reidel Publishing Company Tobacco Trade Democratic Orientation 20th Century Fall
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